Qualitative Research- Group 5
Terms in this set (12)
Taking into account personal beliefs and expectations of the researcher that might have resulted in bias
Describing the observe behavior and sufficient detail so that it can be understood holistically and in context. Contextual details should be sufficient to make the description meaningful to an outsider who never observed this behavior firsthand.
a tendency for research participants to respond in a certain way because they know they are being observed, or they believe they know what the researcher wants. Includes acquiescence bus, social desirability bias, dominant respondent bias, and sensitivity bias.
A tendency to give positive answers whatever the question. It may occur due to the participant's natural agreeableness or because the participant feels uncomfortable disagreeing with something in the research situation.
social desirability bias
Participants' tendency to respond or behave in a way that they think will make them more liked or more accepted. Intentionally or unintentionally, participants may be trying to produce a certain impression instead of behaving naturally, and this is especially true for sensitive topics.
dominant respondent bias
Occurs in a group interview setting when one of the participants influences the behavior and responses of the others. Other participants may be intimidated by such people or feel like they will be compared to the dominant respondent.
The tendency of the participant to answer regular questions honestly, but distort their responses to questions on sensitive subjects.
a tendency for researchers to engage in behaviors and selectively notice evidence that supports their hypotheses or expectations. Includes confirmation bias, leading questions bias, question order bias, and biased reporting.
Occurs when the research has a prior belief and uses the research to confirm this belief. It may manifest itself in such things as selectivity of attention or tiny differences and nonverbal behavior that may influence the participants .
leading questions bias
Occurs when the questions in an interview are worded in a way that encourages a certain answer.
question order bias
Occurs when the response to one question influences the participant's responses to subsequent questions.
a flawed sampling process that produces an unrepresentative sample