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Chapter 19 voices of freedom
Terms in this set (31)
foreign policy that rested on the conviction that economic and political progress went hand in hand and that it was the job of the united states to promote both free markets and political democracy. Woodrow Wilson saw WW1 as a great opportunity to promote these goals
Wilsons views on WW1
Wilson originally stated that he wanted to keep the united states out of the war, but decided that the US must become involved when the germans started targeting American ships (Lusitania)
What did Wilson feel would happen if the united states won WW1?
If the United States won WW1, wilson promised that a new world order based on peace and order would arise
What changes in the relationship between the united states and the rest of the world does Wilson foresee emerging from WW1
Wilson says that if the United States has a victory in WW1, then there will be a new world that is based on peace and justice among the free and self governing peoples of the world.
Why does Wilson see autocratic government, not democratic government, as the cause of war?
Wilson sees autocratic government as the case of war because all of the power is in the hands of one person. He says, for instance, that no one has a problem with any of the germans. We feel sympathy and friendship toward them. Their government decided on impulse to enter the war, and that is the problem with an autocratic government- the people have no say in what happens.
What is the "Fourteen points"?
This is president Wilsons blueprint for the postwar world. The key principles were:
1.) national self- determination
2.) freedom of the seas
3.) worldwide free trade
4.) redrawing of the map with colonized people given equal weight in determining their future
5.) establishment of the league of nations to preserve peace.
How does Mao Zedong feel about self- determination?
He felt that it was shameless because land has been devastated, people have been killed, and the peace conference totally ignored everything that went on during the war.
According to Mao Zedong, what parts of the world was self- determination adhered to and where was it violated?
Adhered to in: Poland, Czechoslovakia, Arabs
Violated: Jews could not restore their nation in Palestine, Korea lost its independence.
Why does Mao Zedong feel sorry for President Wilson
he could not speak his mind at any of the conferences that he attended. In one account, someone recorded that he simply agreed with Clemenceau that germany should not be admitted into the league of nations.
Who is Carrie Chapman Catt?
a campaigner and the president of the national american women suffrage association. She urged for women to have the right to vote.
Why does carrie Catt claim that denying women the right to vote violates the principle of democracy?
She says that half of the nation is democratic (those who have the right to vote) and the other half of the population (women) do not have the right to vote and are living under at autocratic government- one in which they have no voice.
How does Carr characterize women who do not support the campaign for suffrage?
She thinks that all women should be supporters because women are being taken advantage of my men who are younger than them, by those who cannot read, those who do not have an education, and the country lies in the hands of the individuals who do not take politics seriously when there are women who are more intelligent that could contribute greatly to the political world.
what was the espionage act?
prohibited spying and interfering with the government
what was the sedition act?
made it illegal to contumely, dispute, or scorn the government about the war effort
Who was Eugene v debs?
was the leader of the socialist party and was convicted under the espionage act for giving an antiwar speech. was sentenced to ten years in prison
Why does debs feel that the espionage act negates the constitution?
he feels that the constitution allows for freedom of speech, freedom of free press and the right of free assemblage, and the espionage act disregards all of that.
Why does Debs speak about the opposition of previous wars?
He is making a point that people were once allowed to say what they wanted about the war and it caused no trouble. Now during WW1, no one is allowed to speak their mind and it is unfair to the people who are given these rights in the constitution, and are now forced to disregard their own rights
Why does Randolph Burne say that the melting- pot failed?
the melting pot failed because people who came from all over the world to live a free life in the United States, which is what our nation thrives on, are not even free because they are under the ideals of "americanization" and are not given the same freedom as americans.
Why does Burne argue that immigrants have not been free?
Immigrants have not been free because they came to america and are not able to express who they really are even though they are not hurting anyone in the process. Americanization calls for all people to give up their culture and conform to what American culture is like and that is unfair considering that is not what america prides itself on.
what are the most important reasons for the family's decision to move to Beloit?
the north offered more opportunities, they went north because they had nothing to lose, people who went north typically did so because they could no acquire any land in the south.
What do these recollections tell us about limitations on the freedom black enjoyed in the early twentieth century south?
blacks were bound to their plantation owners because they were illiterate and depended on them. They also got in debt with the owners so that they could not run away.
what caused the great migration?
businesses in the north were accepting blacks from the south because immigration was illegal due to the war
How does Garvey define black freedom?
the same spirit that the founding fathers gave to all white men.
How do you think Garvey felt that African independence would benefit black Americans?
African independence happened with such force and power and it is going to keep going strong. They will keep fighting for their freedom.
How do the striking workers understand the economic freedom?
They felt that their working conditions were unfair. Economic freedom did not entail working the hours that they worked on a weekly basis.
What did Andre Siegfried say about the way American life was?
He felt that Americans were living a life of "sacred acquisition" that they would defend at any price
How did people in America view their jobs?
they viewed their jobs as a path to achieve fulfillment through consumption and entertainment
What are the most important elements of the new society according to Sigfried?
People were only focused on efficiency. Economy is sound because it is prosperity based. With such standardization it can be feared that americans would lose intellectual and artistic value.
What liberties does he believe americans are willing to sacrifice?
He is willing to sacrifice personal and political liberties.
In what ways can the ACLU 's statement be seen as a reaction against violations of civil liberties before and during WW1?
Why does the ACLU identify "organized movements of labor and of the farmers" as waging the chief fight for civil liberties in the united states?
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