one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress
federalist no. 70
Here Hamilton argues for the necessity of a single president (rather than an executive committee). Hamilton states that Americans should not fear the president becoming a tyrant because a single person would be easier to control. Additionally, a single president could act with more energy, efficiency, and secrecy than could a committee.
22 Amendment (1951)
Limits a President to a max. of 2 terms
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his dealth or resignation, the vice president shall become president.
Requirements to be President
35, natural born citizen, 14 years resident
Significance of Kennedy's election
all previous presidents were protestant
the official vote for president and vice president by electors in each state
President of the Senate
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office; Johnson and Clinton
House's role in impeachment
To decide to indict, not actually remove
Senate's role in impeachment
To try the indicted party, to remove
Article 2 of the Constitution
enumerated powers of the president
veto legislation, nominate Supreme Court judges, grant pardons
checks and balances
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
factors that increased presidential power:
-Lincoln suspending Habeas Corpus -FDR's New Deal -Johnson in vietnam
President, VP, Cabinet, executive office, white house staff, First Lady
balance the ticket
When a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certain ideological, geographic, racial, ethnic, gender, or other characteristics
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
A group of advisers to the president.
National Security Council
An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.
Council of Economic Advisors
A three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy.
Office of Management and Budget
An office that prepares the president's budget and also advises presidents on proposals from departments and agencies and helps review their proposed regulations.
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
These occur when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. Recent studies show that few races are won this way.
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power
A sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager.