a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
tragic flaw; a weakness in character that leads the protagonist to his downfall.
an agent or force inflicting vengeance or punishment; retribution itself; an unbeatable rival
when the tragic hero recognizes his or her tragic fall
a purgation of emotion on the part of the audience
Spoken by one or two characters before the chorus appears. The prologue usually gives the mythological background necessary for understanding the events of the play
paths by which the chorus and some actors (such as those representing messengers or people returning from abroad) made their entrances and exits. The audience also used them to enter and exit the theater before and after the performance
The leader of the Chorus, speaks on behalf of the Chorus
ancient Greek choral ode
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
final act of the play
the part of an ancient Greek chorual ode sung by the chorus when moving from right to left
the section of a choral ode answering a previous strophe in classical Greek drama
where the audience sits
is an Alter placed in the center of the Orchestra for Dionysus
in ancient greek, a building behind the playing area that was originally a hut in which actors changes masks/costumes.
center of stage where action takes place
Deus ex machina
"An unrealistic or unexpected intervention to rescue the protagonists or resolve the conflict. The term means ""The god out of the machine"" and refers to stage machinery."
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
quick alternating lines back and forth to make play move along quicker
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play