The Church: Unit 2 reading Guide
Terms in this set (79)
The New Testament makes this perfectly clear: there is only one church, one body of Christ, and it is characterized by _________________.
Example for, source
The ultimate ______________ and ___________________ of the church's unity is the eternal unity of the 3 divine persons of the Trinity: father, son, and Holy Spirit.
If we think about al the cultures that make up the church, each person contributing his or her unique gifts and callings, we begin to imagine the great ____________________ in the church
The visible principle and foundation of the unity of the whole church. Successor of Saint Peter, whom Jesus called to lead his church
Another word for pope, the visible representative of Christ on earth.
We continue to experience the challenge that _________________ presents to Christian unity
People all over the world profess the one faith by praying _____________________. They have special places in the Church's life.
The 7 sacraments, especially the _________________, create bonds of unity within the church
Holy orders, apostolic succession
The bishops and pope have recieved their authority by means of ________________________________ and _________________________________
The Catholic Church is not the only christian church to recognize the sacrifice of _____________________
Heresy results when a person/group consciously and deliberately rejects a _______________ of the church
A christian community in _________________with the Catholic Church is one that does not recognize the supreme authority of the pope or otherwise is not in comunion with the church
Early 16th century division of christians
Counter reformation, unity
Most notably the council of Trent. Addressed issues at the heart of the division created by the Protestant reformation. Although the council made many positive changes to correct abuses, it was unable to restore _____________ among Christians
Christ works through other churches and ecclesial communities as a means of ____________________.
The salvation that is possible through these christian communities ultimately ____________ on the fullness of the heritage of faith that Jesus entrusted to the Catholic Church.
Although the Eastern Orthodox Church is not in full communion with the Catholic Church, these two churches are especially close because both have maintained _____________________________________.
Those ecclesial communities that lack apostolic succession do not have the fullness of the _______________________________ or of __________________________.
Is an effort by Christians from different churches and ecclesial communities to be more open to one another and to work to restore unity among all christians
The church of christ, which we profess to be one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic, exists in the ____________________________
The Catholic Church has sustained the apostolic structure and succession of leadership that _______________ established.
The Kingdom of God is already ________________ in the church and will be ________________ at the end of time.
Through prayer and other actions, we participate in the trinity's work to _________________ all christians
When we understand the true nature of the church as both ______________ and ________________, we see that she is not limited to her visible aspects, and we recognize the source of her holiness.
The church is holy because she is _______________ with Christ, and he has given her the means of salvation.
Perfect holiness will be achieved in ___________________, the state of supreme and definitive happiness with the mort holy trinity and the communion of saints.
Saint Therese of Lisieux described love as the principal ___________________ or each person.
The more specific vocations, such as priesthood, __________________________________, or marriage, are different ways to live out the calling to love.
Because the church sanctifies, it is natural that she embrace ____________________. Her holiness lies in the truth that with Christ and in Christ she is fully focused on saving people from _________.
Grace is the free and undeserved ___________ of God's loving presence in our lives
When we freely ____________ to cooperate with grace, e are at our best, perfecting our god-given potential to form loving relationships with God and others
The Holy Spirit infuses our souls with ___________________________ to free us from sin and to make us holy
The name for God's interventions that can come at the beginning of the conversion process and during everyday moments in our lives.
Gifts that come to us from the particular sacraments.
God's grace will not automatically make us holy without our __________________
Communion of saints, eucharist
When we profess belief in the __________________________, we recognize our relationships with all faithful people living and in the past. We are also saying that the _____________________ binds us to one another and unites us to God
1. Faithful followers of Jesus
2. Faithful who have passed away and are being purified in purgatory
3. Faithful who have already attained perfect holiness and glory of heaven
The church is a communion of saints that exists in 3 stages of sanctification
Pray, purified, purgatory
We ______________ for those who have passed away from this life. Our prayers help them as they are ________________ of the effects of earthly sin in their journey through _____________________ to the fullness of heavenly life.
Those whom the church has recognized as _______________ inspire us to grow in holiness and nourish our hope in God on earth and in eternal life.
As we learn about the saints or read their writings, we see __________________ in action in real life.
Throughout history saints have been sources of _____________ for the church in difficult times
We simply ask the ______________ to pray for us just as we might ask any _________________ to pray for us when we are going through a difficult time.
Honoring the ____________ with teh whole church reminds us of the paschal mystery visible in their lives, expose us to holy people, and _______________ us with the liturgy of heaven, which is constant praise of God, as revealed in the Book of revelation
Holiest, original sin
Mary is the ___________ human being who ever lived. She was perfectly holy, born completely without __________________ and remaining pure from all personal sin throughout her life.
Mary, by her ________, by her acceptance of Gabriel's message, by her yes, cooperated in a very real way in the father's plan for salvation through Jesus
Greek meaning god-bearer. The church uses this term for Mary because she is the mother of Jesus, the eternal son of God who became man and who is himself God.
Because of her unique role in the Father's plan, Mary can be called our _______________ in the order of grace.
2 senses of Catholic:
The church ______ it all
The church ________ to all
The means of salvation are divine ____________ freely given to the church through the Holy Spirit. These include the fullness of the faith, the fullness of the 7 sacraments, and the fullness of the ordained _______________ passed down from the Apostles.
All human beings ________ the same divine Creator and the same destiny with God, the church's purpose is to gather all people from all times together as _______.
"Catholicism extends over all people. It teaches universally, healing the world."
Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (church father) explained the connection between church and wholeness:
Entire, local, liturgy
Definitions of church:
1. Refers to the _________ community of God's people around the world.
2. Refers to the _______ community or diocese.
3. Refers to the community assembled for _____________, especially the mass.
When churches are in full communion with Rome, they possess the fullness or _________________________ of the apostolic faith as it is preserved in the Roman Church
College of bishops
Churches in full communion with the Church of Rome recognize the authority of the pope as the visible foundation for the unity of the __________________________ and all members of the church.
The 7 sacraments express the fullness in the sense that they touch the _____________ of a person's life, form baptism at the beginning to anointing of the sick at the end.
Christian communities, different
Just as the church participates in dialogues with non-catholic _______________________, she is also open to dialogue with people of ________________ religions
Witnesses, acknowledges, support
The Catholic Church __________________ to other own faith and __________________ and encourages the spiritual and moral truths found in thier religions. The church does not ______________ any religious group that lead people astray from the image of God
Jewish, covenants, revelation
Jesus was ______________; God revealed himself to the Jewish people through the old _______________, and the Jewish faith is a response to his _______________________________
Muslims _______________ the one creator, trace their faith back to Abraham, and worship the one God by _______________, giving alms, and fasting.
For the church to fully realize her catholicity, we must ___________ differences of culture, race, wealth, social class, etc.
We see the church's ______________________ in the saints. Our saints have come from various walks of life and many different places.
Catholic, Orthodox, communion
The eastern _______________________ Churches (distinct from Orthodox) have some rituals that differ from the Roman Catholic Church, but they are in full ______________________ with Rome
The church is able to __________________ diverse cultural elements and popular devotions into her unity. The church purifies culture elements in the light of faith.
The church is _____________________ for 3 reasons:
1. The church is built on the foundation of the apostles, who were taught by __________
2.The church preserves the teachings of the apostles with the help of the Holy Spirit
3. The church continues to be taught through the apostles' _____________________: The college of bishops, priests, pope.
Saint Paul insisted that his ___________________ as an apostle was as great as any other. He got his strength and authority from God's __________
Jesus relied on the power from the father, the apostles relied on the power from Jesus
Proclaim the Kingdom of Heaven
Heal the sick and cast out demons
Raise the dead
Forgive sins in Jesus's name
Apostles had the authority to do by the power of Jesus
Jesus entrusted the Apostles to _______________ all people and nations what they had experienced in salvation. The teachings of Jesus has been _________________ from generation to generation, proclaimed in word and action
Bishops, apostolic succession
The apostles chose thier successors, named ___________________. The apostles passed on the authority to teach and interpret scripture. This is called ________________________________
The faith of the church precedes, supports, and nourishes the faith. Faith is both personal and _______________________
Orally and in writing
2 ways that Apostles handed down Gospel message
Sacred scripture and tradition make up a single sacred __________________ of the word of God.
Fullness, high, episcopal
Bishops recieve the ________________ of the sacrament of Holy Orders. This fullness was known as the ________ priesthood. ____________________ consecration confers the office of sanctifying on the bishop.
His role was as the head of the apostles which continues in the role of ___________ as the head of the college of bishops.
Govern, bind and loose`
Jesus signified Peter's authority to __________________ the church. The power to _________________________ refers to Peter's authority to absolve sin, make judgements about doctrines
Describes any Christian's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole church when he or she works to extend the reign of Christ to the entire world.
These people can engage in the apostolate but they must be in union with christ
Essential nature of the apostolate
The apostolate people seek to become ________________ in the community and use time and money to _____________ the lives of others.
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