Terms in this set (49)
brought the Industrial Revolution to America
Invented the cotton gin
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia.
father of public school system
fought for improvements in the treatment of the mentally ill
popular author giving fashion and manners advice for women
former slave and abolitionist who spoke in favor of women's rights
American writer whose experiences at sea provided the factual basis of Moby-Dick (1851), considered among the greatest American novels
American poet and transcendentalist who was famous for his beliefs on nature, as demonstrated in his book, Leaves of Grass. He was therefore an important part for the buildup of American literature and breaking the traditional rhyme method in writing poetry.
Reclusive New England poet who wrote about love, death, and immortality
American writer who wrote textbooks to help the advancement of education. He also wrote a dictionary which helped standardize the American language.
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Quaker sisters from South Carolina who came north and became active in the abolitionist movement; Angelina married Theodore Weld, a leading abolitionist and Sarah wrote and lectured on a variety of reforms including women's rights and abolition.
Studied techniques for instructing hearing impaired people and established the first american school for the hearing impaired
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
invented the telegraph
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stressed self-reliance, optimism, self-improvement, self-confidence, and freedom. He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement.
James Fenimore Cooper
1st truly American novelist noted for his stories of Indians and the frontier life; man's relationship w/ nature & westward expansion
founder of the first American school for the blind students
(1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
Edgar Allan Poe
American writer known especially for his macabre poems, such as "The Raven" (1845), and short stories, including "The Fall of the House of Usher" (1839).
Originally a transcendentalist; later rejected them and became a leading anti-transcendentalist. He was a descendant of Puritan settlers. The Scarlet Letter shows the hypocrisy and insensitivity of New England puritans by showing their cruelty to a woman who has committed adultery and is forced to wear a scarlet "A".
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
American poet that was influenced somewhat by the transcendentalism occurring at the time. He was important in building the status of American literature.
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized. She and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811-1896) American author and daughter of Lyman Beecher, she was an abolitionist and author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
Religious folk songs that blended biblical themes with the realities of slavery
A person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere.
A large open area beneath a ship's deck, often used to house traveling immigrants
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.
the act or process of bringing back to life
An organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members
an ideal society
the right to vote
A method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there
an extreme shortage of food
a person who favors those born in his country and is opposed to immigrants
A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's, in which each person has direct communication with God and Nature, and there is no need for organized churches. It incorporated the ideas that mind goes beyond matter, intuition is valuable, that each soul is part of the Great Spirit, and each person is part of a reality where only the invisible is truly real. Promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions.
Nonviolent refusal to continue to work until a problem is resolved.
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption
Movement to end slavery