28 terms

Lesson 25 Test: Independence Movements in the United States

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CAUSE of independence movements
early explorers claimed the same land in the United States for their individual countries
EFFECT of independence movements
conflict, clashes, and wars occurred
13
the number of colonies the British established between 1607-1732
French vs. English
who the French and Indian War was actually between
both sides
who the Native Americans fought for in the French and Indian War
7 years
how long the French and Indian War lasted
Canada and land east of the Mississippi River
the land that the British gained after defeating the French in 1761
the reason the British decided to tax the American colonies
to pay off the debt accumulated in the French and Indian War
tea, sugar, paper
items that were taxed by the British government in the 13 original colonies
reasons the colonies did not like the taxation by the British
they had no say in what was being taxed, how much the taxes would be, etc.
"No taxation without representation!"
slogan that reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
The first battle that started the Revolutionary War between the American colonists and the British. The British sent troops to seize the gunpowder and weapons from the colonists.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Deleware River. The next morning, they suprise attacked the British redcoats.
Valley Forge
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778. Many troops died here from disease and malnutrition.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the American Revolution. The British eventually surrendered here.
Philadelphia, PA
place where the First and Second Continental Congresses took place
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies (except Georgia) met to discuss problems with Britain and to create a list of grievances.
treason
the crime of betraying one's country
Second Continental Congress
Delegates met to discuss how to defeat the powerful British. They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops/food/weapons, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence at this time.
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Ambassadors
people sent to foreign countries to make friendships, find allies, and gain loans to finance the American Revolution
Thomas Jefferson
Main author of the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
the document asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
July 4, 1776
date the Declaration of Independence was signed
Patrick Henry
a leader of the American Revolution who said, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
Paul Revere
A patriot who helped warn colonists about British movements and famously said, "The British are coming!"
Thomas Paine
American Revolutionary leader who wrote a pamphlet called "Common Sense" urging colonists to seek independence from Britain.
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