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Chapter 3, 4, and 5 Final Exam
Terms in this set (53)
Functions of organelles
Work together to carry out basic functions in a cell
95% of the ATP required by the cell is made in the mitochondria
Synthesis of lipids (steroid and hormone) and glycogen (carbohydrates) takes place at the
Function of the smooth ER
replication and transcription
Take place in the nucleus
Translation takes place in the
Passive Transport (Diffusion)
No energy is required
Passive transport example
Simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion are this.
Required energy. Includes the sodium potassium exchange pump.
Cell does not shrink or grow.
to swell. Swells
to shrink. Shriveled
G0 phase, G1 phase, S Phase, and G2 phase
A cell duplicates it's chromosomes during the S phase.
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Sister chromatids aligns
function of desmosomes
Connect muscle cells. to provide mechanical stability and hold cellular structures together.
Gap junctions function
for cell to cell communication. Allow passage of ions
Tissue that lines blood vessels
Tissue that lines stomach and intestines
Simple columnar system
Tissue that lines trachea
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Tissue that lines alveoli
Simple squamous of epithelium
Tisssue that Lines the bronchi
Simple Columnar Epithelium
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream.
Tendons and Ligaments
dense regular (fibrous) connective tissue
Connect muscle to bone
bone to bone
Found in cartilage
Found in bone
Membranes consist of
Epithelial and Connective tissue.
Lines cavities that communicate to the exterior.
Integumentary system consists
Epidermis, dermis, hair, glands, and nails. Cutaneous membrane.
functions of integumentary system
protection, body temperature regulation, cutaneous sensation, metabolic functions, blood reservoir, excretion
Fibrous protein that acts as a sealer to reduce water loss at the skin surface.
function of melanin
Pigment that gives skin it's color and is responsible for skin color and protects against UV damage (sun)
Cells that produce melanin
Rarest type of skin cancer, but it's most deadly because it has the highest rate of metastasis.
May be caused by decrease in the function of oil glands.
Lubricate our skin, and this ability is affected as we age.
The loss of elastic fibers deep in the dermis is one cause of this.
bruise, results from injury to a vessel.
function of arrector pili muscle
To erect the hair; creates goosebumps
Most abundant in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They help us cool our body.
Apocrine sweat glands are associated
Hair, and their secretions are associated with body odor and pheromones.
apocrine sweat glands
Found in the armpits, around nipples, in the groin, and around the anus.
first degree burn
Superficial burns through only the epidermis. Erythema
Second degree burn
blisters, damage to the epidermis, and dermis
Third degree burn
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