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The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) heightened the sectional crisis because it

repealed the Missouri Compromise

Liberty of conscience was defended by Roger Williams on the ground that

the state was an improper and ineffectual agency in matters of the spirit

The American Transcendentalists may best be described as which of the following?

a group of Northern intellectuals who shared a belief in the value of human intuition, the presence of divinity in nature, and an emotional comprehension of God

Which of the following best characterizes the response of Great Britain and France to the American Civil War?

they saw advantages in a divided union, but pursued cautious policies toward both sides

The Embargo Act of 1807 had which of the following effects on the United States?

it ruined American shipping

In part, President Lincoln refrained from taking action to emancipate the slaves until the Civil War had been in progress for almost two years because

he sought to maintain the loyalty of the border states

All of the following conditions influenced the development of American agriculture during the first half of the nineteenth century EXCEPT

a widespread interest in conserving soil and natural resources

President Jackson's Native American (Indian) policy resulted in which of the following?

the removal of the Cherokee from the Southeast to settlements across the Mississippi

The issue of constitutionality figured most prominently in the consideration of which of the following?

First Bank of the United States

"In 1800 schoolchildren (ages 5-19) spent an average of only fourteen days in school each year. By 1850 this figure had nearly doubled, going to twenty-six days, and by 1860 it had risen to forty days per year, almost triple the figure for 1800. By 1860 the literacy rate at the age of twenty had attained modern levels, exceeding ninety percent among Whites."
This passage describes results brought chiefly through

state and local efforts on behalf of public schools

An important reason for the proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine was to

protect republican institutions of government in the Western Hemisphere

Marbury v Madison (1803) is famous for establishing the principle of

judicial review

The hostility of the Know-Nothing party was directed primarily against

Irish and German Catholic immigrants

In the pre-Civil War era, the railroad's most important impact on the economy was the

accessibility to Eastern urban markets provided to Midwestern farmers

The Great Awakening in the colonies in the mid-eighteenth century had all of the following consequences EXCEPT

the renewed persecution of witches, because of the heightened interest in the supernatural

Which of the following had the greatest impact on the institution of slavery in the first quarter of the nineteenth century?

invention of the cotton gin

"the descendants of Africans who were imported into this country, and sold as slaves...are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to the citizens of the United States."
The passage above is from which of the following

Dred Scott v Sandford

The North's advantages over the South at the outbreak of the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT

greater agreement over war goals

The "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" issued by the Seneca Falls Convention demanded

greater rights for women

Which of the following did NOT contribute to the United States decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812?

American military and economic preparedness for war

To make the new government viable, the first Congress of the United States did all of the following EXCEPT

grant subsidies to encourage industrial development

Which of the following would most likely have said "...children should be children for as long as they can"

a mid-nineteenth century educational reformer

Which of the following is correct about the tariffs passed during the period 1816-1828?

they were the first tariffs whose major purpose was protection

The election of 1800 has been referred to as constituting "another revolution" because

the party in power stepped down after losing the election

Henry Clay's "American System" called for all of the following EXCEPT

sale of federal lands to finance higher education

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions took the position that

the authority of the state governments included the power to decide whether or not an act of Congress was constitutional

In the presidential campaign of 1860, which of the following positions was asserted by the Republican party platform with respect to slavery?

the extension of slavery to United States territories should be prohibited by the federal government, but slavery should be protected in the states where it already existed

Thomas Jefferson opposed some of Alexander Hamilton's programs because Jefferson believed that

Hamilton's programs favored wealthy financial interests

Of the following, which was the principal issue on which the United States sought settlement with Great Britain at the outset of the War of 1812?

an end to impressment

The nullification controversy of 1832-1833 was significant, in part, because it

enhanced Andrew Jackson's reputation as a strong president

The establishment of Brook Farm and the Oneida Community in the antebellum United States reflected

the blossoming of perfectionist aspirations

The major reason why Thomas Jefferson was interested in purchasing Louisiana from France was that he

hoped to preserve an agricultural society by making abundant lands available to future generations

Which of the following most likely increased Mexican suspicion of United States territorial objectives in the 1830's and 1840's?

rhetoric on "Manifest Destiny" in the American press

All of the following statements about pre-Civil War American slavery are true EXCEPT

because of the relative ease with which slaves could gain their freedom by manumission or by purchase, the proportion of freedmen to slaves was almost equal in many areas of the South

The argument between Great Britain and its American colonies during the 1760's and 1770's over "virtual representation" concerned

Parliaments ability to reflect colonial interests

Which of the following most accurately describes the attitude of the Founding Fathers toward political parties?

parties are vehicles of ambition and selfish interest that threaten the existence of republican government

Which of the following states the principle of "popular sovereignty"?

the settlers in a given territory have the sole right to decide whether or not slavery will be permitted there

During the War for Independence, the principle reason the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers was to

facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing money from other nations

Colonial cities functioned primarily as

mercantile centers for collecting agricultural goods and distributing imported manufactured goods

Of the following, the most threatening problem for the Union from 1861-1863 was

possible British recognition of the Confederacy

Which of the following most appropriately characterizes the violence exhibited in such episodes as Bacon's Rebellion, the Boston Tea Party, Shay's Rebellion, and the Whiskey Rebellion?

violence was directed at "outsiders" or representatives of distance authority

The Whigs of the 1830's and 1840's differed from the Jacksonian Democrats in that the Whigs

supported the American system of Henry Clay

The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 was important because it

strengthened the ties between Eastern manufacturing and Western agricultural regions

Which of the following describes the "Lowell system" in the early nineteenth century New England?

a plan to promote and expand textile manufacturing activities

During the first two decades of the seventeenth century all of the following aided in the establishment and growth of Jamestown Virginia EXCEPT

good relations with the Indians

The first religious development to have impact throughout colonial America was

the Great Awakening

President Andrew Jackson's Maysville Road Veto dealt with

federality funded internal improvements

The high wages enjoyed by colonial workers were primarily caused by

existence of so much free cheap land

Religious toleration developed by the end of the colonial period primarily because

no church was strong enough to gain dominance

Which best explains the rise of political parties in the 1790's

differing ideology and viewpoints accented by disagreements over the establishment of a national bank, payment of foreign, national and state debts, our foreign policy, and the Alien and Sedition Acts

Which is NOT true concerning the Alien and Sedition Acts?

they were used by the President to silence his political opponents, the Federalist newspaper editors

Which of the following ideas is NOT found in the preamble to the Declaration of Independence?

governments exist to give all people an equal opportunity to share in the wealth of the nation

James Madison asked for a declaration of war against Great Britain in 1812 for four reasons. Which was NOT included in his address to Congress?

the opportunity to grab part of Canada

Which political leader endorsed the philosophy that the political and social future of the United States was more secure if the United States emphasized agriculture instead of industry?

Thomas Jefferson

In the colonial period a "Separatist" was defined as a person who

wished to break away from the impure Church of England

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