First Semester History Exam

The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) heightened the sectional crisis because it
repealed the Missouri Compromise
Liberty of conscience was defended by Roger Williams on the ground that
the state was an improper and ineffectual agency in matters of the spirit
The American Transcendentalists may best be described as which of the following?
a group of Northern intellectuals who shared a belief in the value of human intuition, the presence of divinity in nature, and an emotional comprehension of God
Which of the following best characterizes the response of Great Britain and France to the American Civil War?
they saw advantages in a divided union, but pursued cautious policies toward both sides
The Embargo Act of 1807 had which of the following effects on the United States?
it ruined American shipping
In part, President Lincoln refrained from taking action to emancipate the slaves until the Civil War had been in progress for almost two years because
he sought to maintain the loyalty of the border states
All of the following conditions influenced the development of American agriculture during the first half of the nineteenth century EXCEPT
a widespread interest in conserving soil and natural resources
President Jackson's Native American (Indian) policy resulted in which of the following?
the removal of the Cherokee from the Southeast to settlements across the Mississippi
The issue of constitutionality figured most prominently in the consideration of which of the following?
First Bank of the United States
"In 1800 schoolchildren (ages 5-19) spent an average of only fourteen days in school each year. By 1850 this figure had nearly doubled, going to twenty-six days, and by 1860 it had risen to forty days per year, almost triple the figure for 1800. By 1860 the literacy rate at the age of twenty had attained modern levels, exceeding ninety percent among Whites."
This passage describes results brought chiefly through
state and local efforts on behalf of public schools
An important reason for the proclamation of the Monroe Doctrine was to
protect republican institutions of government in the Western Hemisphere
Marbury v Madison (1803) is famous for establishing the principle of
judicial review
The hostility of the Know-Nothing party was directed primarily against
Irish and German Catholic immigrants
In the pre-Civil War era, the railroad's most important impact on the economy was the
accessibility to Eastern urban markets provided to Midwestern farmers
The Great Awakening in the colonies in the mid-eighteenth century had all of the following consequences EXCEPT
the renewed persecution of witches, because of the heightened interest in the supernatural
Which of the following had the greatest impact on the institution of slavery in the first quarter of the nineteenth century?
invention of the cotton gin
"the descendants of Africans who were imported into this country, and sold as slaves...are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to the citizens of the United States."
The passage above is from which of the following
Dred Scott v Sandford
The North's advantages over the South at the outbreak of the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT
greater agreement over war goals
The "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" issued by the Seneca Falls Convention demanded
greater rights for women
Which of the following did NOT contribute to the United States decision to declare war against Great Britain in 1812?
American military and economic preparedness for war
To make the new government viable, the first Congress of the United States did all of the following EXCEPT
grant subsidies to encourage industrial development
Which of the following would most likely have said "...children should be children for as long as they can"
a mid-nineteenth century educational reformer
Which of the following is correct about the tariffs passed during the period 1816-1828?
they were the first tariffs whose major purpose was protection
The election of 1800 has been referred to as constituting "another revolution" because
the party in power stepped down after losing the election
Henry Clay's "American System" called for all of the following EXCEPT
sale of federal lands to finance higher education
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions took the position that
the authority of the state governments included the power to decide whether or not an act of Congress was constitutional
In the presidential campaign of 1860, which of the following positions was asserted by the Republican party platform with respect to slavery?
the extension of slavery to United States territories should be prohibited by the federal government, but slavery should be protected in the states where it already existed
Thomas Jefferson opposed some of Alexander Hamilton's programs because Jefferson believed that
Hamilton's programs favored wealthy financial interests
Of the following, which was the principal issue on which the United States sought settlement with Great Britain at the outset of the War of 1812?
an end to impressment
The nullification controversy of 1832-1833 was significant, in part, because it
enhanced Andrew Jackson's reputation as a strong president
The establishment of Brook Farm and the Oneida Community in the antebellum United States reflected
the blossoming of perfectionist aspirations
The major reason why Thomas Jefferson was interested in purchasing Louisiana from France was that he
hoped to preserve an agricultural society by making abundant lands available to future generations
Which of the following most likely increased Mexican suspicion of United States territorial objectives in the 1830's and 1840's?
rhetoric on "Manifest Destiny" in the American press
All of the following statements about pre-Civil War American slavery are true EXCEPT
because of the relative ease with which slaves could gain their freedom by manumission or by purchase, the proportion of freedmen to slaves was almost equal in many areas of the South
The argument between Great Britain and its American colonies during the 1760's and 1770's over "virtual representation" concerned
Parliaments ability to reflect colonial interests
Which of the following most accurately describes the attitude of the Founding Fathers toward political parties?
parties are vehicles of ambition and selfish interest that threaten the existence of republican government
Which of the following states the principle of "popular sovereignty"?
the settlers in a given territory have the sole right to decide whether or not slavery will be permitted there
During the War for Independence, the principle reason the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers was to
facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing money from other nations
Colonial cities functioned primarily as
mercantile centers for collecting agricultural goods and distributing imported manufactured goods
Of the following, the most threatening problem for the Union from 1861-1863 was
possible British recognition of the Confederacy
Which of the following most appropriately characterizes the violence exhibited in such episodes as Bacon's Rebellion, the Boston Tea Party, Shay's Rebellion, and the Whiskey Rebellion?
violence was directed at "outsiders" or representatives of distance authority
The Whigs of the 1830's and 1840's differed from the Jacksonian Democrats in that the Whigs
supported the American system of Henry Clay
The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 was important because it
strengthened the ties between Eastern manufacturing and Western agricultural regions
Which of the following describes the "Lowell system" in the early nineteenth century New England?
a plan to promote and expand textile manufacturing activities
During the first two decades of the seventeenth century all of the following aided in the establishment and growth of Jamestown Virginia EXCEPT
good relations with the Indians
The first religious development to have impact throughout colonial America was
the Great Awakening
President Andrew Jackson's Maysville Road Veto dealt with
federality funded internal improvements
The high wages enjoyed by colonial workers were primarily caused by
existence of so much free cheap land
Religious toleration developed by the end of the colonial period primarily because
no church was strong enough to gain dominance
Which best explains the rise of political parties in the 1790's
differing ideology and viewpoints accented by disagreements over the establishment of a national bank, payment of foreign, national and state debts, our foreign policy, and the Alien and Sedition Acts
Which is NOT true concerning the Alien and Sedition Acts?
they were used by the President to silence his political opponents, the Federalist newspaper editors
Which of the following ideas is NOT found in the preamble to the Declaration of Independence?
governments exist to give all people an equal opportunity to share in the wealth of the nation
James Madison asked for a declaration of war against Great Britain in 1812 for four reasons. Which was NOT included in his address to Congress?
the opportunity to grab part of Canada
Which political leader endorsed the philosophy that the political and social future of the United States was more secure if the United States emphasized agriculture instead of industry?
Thomas Jefferson
In the colonial period a "Separatist" was defined as a person who
wished to break away from the impure Church of England