Ancient China Study Guide
Terms in this set (33)
Mandate of Heavan
The gods decide who rules. If all goes well during the ruling time, then the gods approve of the emperor. If bad things occur, then the gods don't approve of the emperor.
Founder of the short-lived Qin dynasty and creator of the Chinese Empire. He is remembered for his ruthless conquests of rival states and standardization. He was the first to rule over all of unified China.
helped overthrow Qin dynasty, 1st emperor of the Han dynasty, was born a peasant and worked his way up to emperor
Adopted by Han as their religion. It honored the family and the elders/ancestors of the family. It was the moral code.
The first and only empress in China known to be somewhat vicious, but brought stability and prosperity to China during the Tang Dynasty.
Ruled with the Yuan/Mongol dynasty. Unified Mongolia against China and he took over China.
Genghis Khan's son. First emperor of Yuan.
Chinese naval explorer who sailed along most of the coast of Asia, Japan, and half way down the east coast of Africa before his death.
This project began during the Sui Dynasty. It linked northern and southern China.
Great Wall of China
world's longest man made structure built to keep invaders from the north out of China and to keep the people in, started by the Qin Dynasty, expanded by the Han Dynasty. It is estimated that 300,000 people died while building it.
Built in the Ming Dynasty, was a stunning monument in Bejing built for Yonglo. All commoners and foreigners were forbidden to enter without special permission.
A policy of avoiding contact with other countries. Started after the famous sailor, Zheng He died.
Civil Service Exams
a test given to qualify candidates for positions in the government, decided one's future.
Connected China, India, and the Middle East. Traded goods and helped to spread culture and ideas.
Yellow River/Huang He River
Dynasties began on this river. Often called the Yellow River because the silts carried downstream are yellow. Known for extremely harmful floods that destroy farmland. The cradle of Chinese civilization. China's sorrow. The loess left behind after flooding makes the soil fertile.
Chang Jiang/ Yangtze River
Longest river in China. 3rd longest in the world. Name means long river. Flows into East China Sea. The flooding was controlled by using the 3 Gorges Dam and the hydroelectric plant.
Xi Jiang River
Western part of the Pearl River. Flows into the South China Sea.
How was the Mandate of Heaven a positive for rulers?
If all went well during an emperors ruling time, then the people would respect the emperor since the gods approved.
How was the Mandate of Heaven a negative for rulers?
If band things happened during an emperors ruling time, then the people would rebel against the emperor since the gods did not approve.
How could people get good government jobs in ancient China?
By taking and getting a good 'grade' on the Civil Service Exams.
What made the grand canal so important for the Sui Dynasty?
It increased the spread of goods and made China more wealthy. It also helped trade with other countries and it increased transportation.
Why were the Mongolians successful during Ghengis Khan's conquest?
The Mongolians had many horses and they were advanced at riding horseback.
What were the main teachings of Confucianism/Confucius?
People should live according to good conduct and moral judgement. The government had a duty to set and example of right conduct.
What is Ren?
Concern for others
What is Li?
Why did the Mongol attack on Japan eventually lead to the Mongol downfall?
The Mongols brought most of their army with them to attack Japan and the Kamikaze (extremely strong winds and storms) wiped out the whole army.
What was the main purpose of the Great Wall of China?
To keep invaders out and the people in.
How has the Great Wall of China affected China during different dynasties time periods?
When the Great Wall was built, many people died. The population decreased rapidly. The Wall did not do its job because invaders still managed to come in. People of China rebeled against the emperor because the Wall didn't help China. Although, the Great Wall is a well known achievement in today's world.
What would it be like to travel on the Silk Road?
You would come across many dangerous obstacles. Snakes, mountains and deserts included. You also would stumble upon pirates and thieves. A trip on the Silk Road could take long (depending on where you would travel).
What were some of the most important things traded on the Silk Road?
Mainly ideas and culture were traded. Silk, salt, porcelain, sugar and many more goods were traded as well.
How did Kublai Khan improve China?
He maintained control by heavily taxing the Chinese population and keeping Confucian scholars from gaining power. He improved China with new roads, palaces, postal system, and keeping trade routes safe.
What two rivers did the Grand Canal connect?
Yellow River (Huang He) and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)
What strategies did the Mongols use to become successful during Ghengis Khan's conquest?
They frequently attacked China and were skilled on horseback, at hunting and in battle.
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