41 terms

psych

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adhd
behavioral condition that makes focusing on everyday requests and routines challenging. trouble getting organized, staying focused, making realistic plans and thinking before acting
generalized anxiety disorder
excessive worry about everyday life events with no obvious reasons for worry
panic disorder
refers to sudden and repeated panic attacks- periods of minute fear and discomfort that reach a peak within a few minutes
phobias
an extreme irrational fear of a specific object or situation
social anxiety disorder
intense fear of being judged, negatively evaluated, or rejected in a social or performance situation
agoraphobia
anxiety disorder characterized by avoidance of situations that induce intense fear and panic
ocd
mental disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations, and behaviors that drive them to do something over and over
ptsd
a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event
depression
A prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness
mania
phase of biopolar disorder, characterized by sustained periods of abnormally elevated or irritable mood, intense energy, racing thoughts, and other extreme exaggerated behaviors
bipolar disorder
mental illness in which common emotions become intensely and ofter unpredictably magnified
schizophrenia
mental illness characterized by incoherent or illogical thoughts, bizarre behavior and speech and delusions or hallucinations, such as hearing voices
somatic symptoms disorders
physical symptoms that mimic medical conditions with no physiological bases; symptoms are not voluntary or under conscious control
dissociative identity disorder
A rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves
binge-eating disorder
significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa
antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
mild depression
less severe symptoms, but can last for years
family problems
Problems affecting the family system, including loss of trust and increased stress
anger
a strong feeling of displeasure
life problems/decisions
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substance abuse
Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes
psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions
psychodynamic therapy
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
client-centered therapy
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.)
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
counterconditioning
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exposure therapy
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systematic desensitization
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.
virtual reality exposure therapy
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aversive conditioning
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
token economy
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
cognitive therapy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
rational emotive behavior therapy
a confrontational cognitive therapy, developed by Albert Ellis, that vigorously challenges people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions
cognitive behavior therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
group and family therapy
A method of therapy which views a relationship as a system. The therapist guides the clients to improve communication among people in their life.
drug therapy
the use of certain medications to treat or reduce the symptoms of a mental disorder
electroconclusive therapy
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
magnetic stimulation
repeated pulses through a magnetic coil
psychosurgery
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
therapeutic lifestyle change
a lifestyle modification that includes diet, physical activity, and weight loss
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