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Labor and Immigrant Rights
Terms in this set (7)
How many immigrants are there in the U.S.?
47 million. With the exception of people whose ancestors were indigenous to this land and those whose ancestors were brought to the U.S. as slaves, this country is made up of generations of immigrants and refugees.
Has the labor movement in its entirety always been pro-immigrant?
No, but that has been changed greatly in the 21st century.
What did the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 do?
It prohibited immigration of Chinese laborers, and proponents of the act wanted it to expand to include other immigrant workers. At the time, many unions feared that new waves of immigrants would threaten job prospects for US citizens during economically turbulent times. The AFL supported this act and passed resolutions in favor of literacy test for immigrant laborers.
The AFL-CIO dramatically changed positions on immigration and in 2000 called for...
all undocumented immigrants to be granted citizenship.
Are undocumented workers covered under the NLRA?
Undocumented workers are covered by the NLRA and have the same workplace rights as documented workers performing the same jobs. However, the power dynamic between employers and undocumented workers creates an environment of intimidation where workers are unlikely to raise concerns about safety and harassment because they fear being fired and deported. Labor unions are using arbitration and collective bargaining to try to improve the lives of undocumented and documented workers alike.
What did the Immigration Control and Reform Act (1984) do?
The IRCA created a guestwork policy that allowed immigrant workers to enter the US for seasonal agricultural work, offered amnesty for undocumented immigrants who entered the US before 1982, and penalized employers for hiring undocumented workers.
What were some of the problems of the Immigration Control and Reform Act (ICRA)?
The AFL-CIO supported the bill because they believed that punishing employers would stop undocumented immigrants from entering the US to compete with union members, while many labor activists opposed the bill. Activists thought that the penalties to employers who hired undocumented workers would hurt the workers above all else and did not solve the problems that the workers faced. Additionally, the guestwork policy meant that workers would have work for a short period of time without any protections and then have to leave the U.S., which was not favorable for undocumented workers and put them in further precarity.
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