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Chapter 2-3: Carbon Compounds
process when large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together
small units that can join together with other small units to form polymers
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually in a ratio of 1: 2: 1
single sugar molecules
large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides
macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oil, and waxes
macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
nucleic acids that contains the sugar deoxyribose
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes
compound with an amino group (-NH2) on one end and carboxyl group (-CO2H) on the other end