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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
US History Chapter 12 Vocab
Terms in this set (22)
The discriminatory laws passed throughout the post- civil- war south which severley restricted African Americans' lives, prohibiting such activities as traveling with out permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites, and marrying whites.
A northener who moved to the south after the civil war.
Compromise of 1877
a series of congressional measures. first of all, the withdrawal of federal troops from Louisiana and South Carolina—two of the three Southern states that Republicans still governed. Second, the Democrats wanted federal money to build a railroad from Texas to the West Coast and to improve Southern rivers, harbors, and bridges. Third, they wanted Hayes to appoint a conservative Southerner to the cabinet. In the Compromise of 1877, Republican leaders agreed to these demands, and Hayes was peacefully inaugurated. The acceptance of this compromise meant the end of Reconstruction in the South.
An amendment to the U.S. constitution, adopted in 1870, that prohibits the denial of voting rights to people because of their race or color because they have previously been slaves.
An amendment to the U.S. constitution, adopted in 1868, that makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States- including former slaves- citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection of the laws.
A federal agency set up to help former slaves after the civil war.
A state's power of governing its citizens without federal government involvment.
To formally charge an official with misconduct in office. The house of reoresentatives has the sole power to impeach federal officials.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
A secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in southern states after the civil war.
Panic of 1873
A series of financial failures that triggered a five-year depression in the United States.
One of the congressional Republicans who, after the civil war, wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote.
The period of rebuilding that followed the civil war, during which the defeated confederate states were readmitted to the union.
The southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the south in the 1870's.
A white southerner who joined the republican party after the civil war.
A system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise.
A system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash.
Wade Davis Bill
A bill, passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given congress control of reconstruction.
succeeded Abraham Lincoln as president—entered politics in Tennessee. He won several important offices, including those of congressman, governor, and U.S. senator.
Helped lead the radicals who wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders.
The first African American Senator.
Rutherford B. Hayes
In 1876, Grant decided not to run for a third term. The Republicans then chose the stodgy governor of Ohio, Rutherford B. Hayes, as their candidate.
Samuel J. Tilden
The Democrats put up one of their ablest leaders, Governor Samuel J. Tilden of New York. Tilden had helped clean up the graft that had flourished in New York City under the corrupt Tweed Ring.Tilden won the popular vote. However, he fell one short of the number of electoral votes needed to win, and 20 electoral votes were disputed.
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