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ch 28 cold war definitons
Terms in this set (75)
old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits
little red book
the speeches and writings of the communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong, representing
the rejection of the Cold War
chinese communist party
founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China; led Chinese Communist Revolution
communist leader who ruled China from the late 1970s until 1997; abandoned many communist doctrines and incorporated elements of the free-enterprise system into the economy
great leap forward
led by Chairman Mao Zedong and aimed to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a socialist society through rapid industrialization and collectivization
one of the most significant figures of 20th-century Chinese literature; wrote rickshaw boy, attacked by Red Guards & committed suicide
led communist forces in China through a long revolution in 1927 and ruled the nation's communist government from its establishment in 1949; considered one of the most significant communist figures of the Cold War
the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism developed in China by Mao Zedong, which states that a continuous revolution is necessary if the leaders of a communist state are to keep in touch with the people
official state ideology of the Soviet Union (USSR); goal is a two-stage revolution from a capitalist state to a socialist state
one of the few sources of information from which either foreigners or Chinese could figure out what the Chinese government was doing or planning to do during Cultural Revolution
The youths who led Mao's Cultural Revolution. Wore red arm bands and carried his book. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
taking tiger mountain by strategy
one of the eight model plays allowed during the Chinese Cultural Revolution; considered revolutionary and modern in terms of thematic and musical features
Tiananmen Square Protests
student-led protests in Beijing (China) in 1989 that drew attention to the split within the Communist Party
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
led the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War, instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis
a policy initiated by Gorbachev; reconstruction of the political and economic system established by the Communist Party.
five year plans
plans that Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly in 1928; enforced by the police powers of the state
predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West, condemning the Soviet Union's policies in Europe
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
crisis in which Britain and France attempted to seize control of the Suez canal from Egypt
35th President of the United States, didn't believe in segregation; president during the Cuban Missile Crisis
pressured the Soviet Union to end the Cold War; bold foreign policy stance against the Soviet Union, and communism in general.
US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism
He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
The group of Eastern European nations that fell under the control of the Soviet Union following World War II.
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
policy of detente
a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union
meeting of the Big Three to discuss the final attack on Germany
cuban missile crisis
1962 crisis that arose between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba
bay of pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States; purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
1/6 principle organs of UN; contributed to the emergence of regionally based voting blocs in the 1960s; the Soviet Union and the countries of eastern Europe formed one of the most cohesive blocs during cold war
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
an alliance made with several countries to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country
an organization for economic cooperation in European Communist states
international monetary fund
a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
an international bank that offers low-interest loans, advice, and information to developing nations
world trade organization
International organization that regulates international trade.
european economic community
alliance formed dedicated to developing common trade policies and reduced tariffs; it gradually developed into the European Union.
an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism
Pact among Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay to establish a free trade area
main organ within the UN responsible for maintaining peace and security; composed of 5 permanent and 10 rotating members with two year terms elected by the General Assembly
international court of justice
a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations
Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons
attempts to marshal political support for continued or increased military spending by the national government
mutually assured destruction
if either US or the USSR was hit with a nuclear weapons they would respond with the same
antinuclear weapons movement
social movement that opposes various nuclear technologies
One thousand more times more powerful than the atomic bomb. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets.
nuclear test-ban treaty
1963 nuclear-weapons agreement, which banned above-ground nuclear tests
strategic arms limitation treaty
series of meetings in the 70s, in which leaders of the US and the Soviet Union agreed to limit their nations' stocks of nuclear weapons
west and east germany
This nation was split into a democratic western nation and a communist eastern nation after World War II until 1990.
put in place to separate west and east germany; symbolized iron curtain
supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Eastern European states under the control of the Soviet Union during the Cold War
Soviet Union and its allies had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever they saw the need.
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations in response to the NATO
yom kippur war
Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973
in COMECON; part of a crisis between the US and USSR, was prevented from being invaded from by latter
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
angolan civil war
civil conflict after independence from Portugal
worldwide escalation of social conflicts, predominantly characterized by popular rebellions against military and bureaucratic elites, who responded with an escalation of political repression
north and south vietnam
Divided parts of the country controlled by different leaders. N- Ho Chi Minh, communist. S- democratic, supported by US.
ngo dinh diem
American ally in South Vietnam; anti-communist
ho chi minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
Line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam
thich quang duc
was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death protesting against the persecution of Buddhists
defenestration of prague
multiple people thrown out windows; triggered a prolonged religious conflict inside Bohemia (the Hussite Wars, 1st ) or beyond (Thirty Years' War, 2nd)
part of Warsaw Pact; invaded Czechoslovakia & stopped liberalism reforms
invaded by Warsaw Pact countries after Alexander Dubček was elected to power and tried to reform the country
part of czechoslovakia after Dubcek split it into two; only reform of his that survived the invasion by the Warsaw Pact countries
Czech student, committed suicide by setting himself on fire as a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact
Communist Party Secretary of Czechoslovakia; loosens strict rules; permits criticism of government; assures loyalty to USSR; gets kicked out, divides country, stopped by Warsaw Pact
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