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Chapter 23 (Emergency Care) Questions & Terminology
Terms in this set (40)
Which of the following is a life-threatening medical emergency requiring immediate intervention?
- open chest wound
- severe vomiting
- major fracture
open chest wound
The victim of a sudden stop in a vehicle should
have his or her neck and possibly spine immobilized
The Heimlich maneuver on a child is performed by
using chest thrusts
Which of the following should you do when administering nitroglycerine?
- Ask the patient to swallow the tablet immediately
- Put the patient's table directly on his or her tongue
- Wear disposable gloves before handling the patient's tablet
- Call EMS and wait before administering the nitroglycerin
Wear disposable gloves before handling the patient's tablet
If a patient has a partial airway obstruction, you should
assist the patient to a sitting position
Septic shock is caused by
infection in the bloodstream
Blood from capillaries
Which of the following steps should you perform when applying a pressure bandage?
- add dressings every 10 minutes
- add dressings every 5 minutes
- keep the original dressing in place
- remove the original dressing and add new dressing
keep the original dressing in place
Which of the following procedures should be used in the treatment of a full-thickness burn?
- immerse the burn in cool water
- leave it untouched and cover with a sterile dressing
- soak sterile gauze and apply it to the burn
- apply burn ointment immediately
leave it untouched and cover with a sterile dressing
When a patient in the medical office experiences a seizure, you should
never force open the mouth
T/F: A laceration is an open wound in which the outer layer of skin is scraped away.
T/F: Hypoglycemia is a condition in which blood glucose is below normal.
T/F: EMS technicians provide on-the-scene intervention and treatment but do not transfer patients.
T/F: Since its introduction in 1968, the 911 emergency access number has been so successful that it is used in every single U.S. state.
T/F: Decreased levels of consciousness are not a life-threatening condition.
T/F: The first step in any emergency is to check if the victim is alert.
T/F: You should not move a victim of help a victim move after a fall or sudden stop, such as a car accident, unless the victim is conscious.
false; you should NEVER move a victim under any circumstance
T/F: Cardiac arrest and heart attack have exactly the same symptoms from onset to death.
T/F: AED can be used on children 1 year old or younger as long as the rescuer uses pediatric-size pads.
false; AED can only be used on children older than 1 y/o
T/F: If a child is chocking on an object but can still move air past the object, a sharp, quick blow to the back between the shoulder blades may help move the item out of the airway.
open wound in which the outer layer of skin is scraped away, leaving underlying tissue exposed
bag-valve-mask unit used to provide ventilation to a non-breathing patient or to assist ventilations for a patient whose breathing (respiratory effort) is inadequate to support life
Severe allergic reaction
open wound in which skin or tissue is torn loose or pulled completely from underlying tissue
bluish tint in skin or mucous membrane, usually appearing in fingernail beds, oral mucous membranes, and circumoral tissue (tissue surrounding the mouth) and indicating excessive deoxygenated hemoglobin or reduced hemoglobin in the blood
condition in which blood glucose is elevated above normal
continued elevation of blood pressure above normal
condition in which body temperature is much higher than normal for a prolonged period of time
condition in which blood glucose is blelow normal
condition in which body temperature is below normal for a prolonged period of time
open wound with smooth edges made with a knife or other sharp object
open wound in which the skin and underlying tissue are torn an skin integrity is broken
febrile state characterized by pathogens in the bloodstream
pertaining to blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
automated external defibrillator
cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
level of consciousness
shortness of breath
transient ischemic attack
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