Alex Huang - Evolution and Classification Terms

Charles Darwin
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Terms in this set (25)
August Weismannfounded neo-Darwinism by rejecting Lamarckian elements of Darwin's original theoryEvidence of Evolution1) Fossil Record 2) Embryology 3) Homologous Structures 4) DNA 5) Vestigial StructuresEmbryologystudy of embryos and their developmenthomologous structuresStructures in different species that are similar because of common ancestry.branching treea diagram that shows how scientists think different groups of organisms are relatedCladogramDiagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organismsClassificationThe process of grouping things based on their similaritiesCarolus LinnaeusFather of taxonomybinomial nomenclatureClassification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific namescientific nameThe name given to each species, consisting of its genus and its species label7 levels of classificationKingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, SpeciesKingdomFirst and largest category used to classify organismsGenusA group of similar speciesSpeciesA group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring.dichotomous keya key for the identification of organisms based on a series of choices between alternative characters