Chapter 25 Vocab
Terms in this set (61)
Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party controlled the country through a dictatorship.
Part of the Axis Powers along with Germany and Italy.
Part of the Allied Powers with Great Britain, France, and the US.
A form of radical, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial force.
Totalitarian government that believed Germanic groups were racially superior.
Belief that a strong military force should be maintained and used aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
A system that seeks to create a classless society in which the major means of production are owned and controlled by the public.
Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy.
Dictatorial leader of the Nazi Party that commanded German forces throughout WWII.
Japanese officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during WWII.
Led the Soviet Union in its costly victory in WWII.
A form of government that puts absolute power in the hands or a group of people in a political party.
The doctrine that a nation that should stay out of the disputes and affairs of other nations.
Laws passed in 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1939 to limit US involvement in future wars.
America First Committee
Group against the American entry into WWII; It was one of the largest anti-war organizations in American history.
Japanese invasion of Manchuria
Began on September 19, 1931 when the emperor of Japan invaded Manchuria.
US responses to Japanese aggression
Attempted to try appeasement, however, ended with war against Japan.
Pacifying an aggrieved nation through negotiation in order to prevent war.
September 1, 1939
Germany invaded Poland, which was the act that started the war.
Military tactic used designed to create disorganization among enemies through the use of mobile forces and firepower.
Agreement between Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Cash and Carry
It replaced the Neutrality Acts, however, the sale of war materials was not allowed.
Destroyers for Naval Bases
US Destroyers were transferred to Britain Navy for land rights on British possessions.
Means for providing US military aid to foreign nations during WWIi.
Arsenal of Democracy
Phrase used by Roosevelt to describe the US as he tried to arouse popular support for sending military aid.
Defined the Allied goals for post-war world.
War bond drives
Debt security issued by government for the purpose of financing military operations during the war.
A fixed allowance of provisions or food.
Rosie the Riveter
Cultural icon who represented the women who worked in factories and shipyards during WWII.
Leader in the Civil Rights Movement, the American labor movement, and socialist political parties.
Zoot Suit Riots
Series of conflicts which pitted American servicemen in California against Mexican-American youths.
Executive Order 9066 Allied Powers in WWII
US presidential statement that ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps.
Axis Powers in WWII
Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), Emperor Hirohito (Japan)
Military alliance consisting of the Soviet Union, the US, and Britain.
Major battle between German and the Soviet Union in WWII.
American invasion of South Africa.
Planned the Allied powers strategy for the next phase of WWII.
Important military effort for Canada during WWII.
D-Day and the Normandy Invasion
The American and British invasion of France. D Day is when a combat attack is initiated. June 6, 1944- day of the Normandy landings. Intitatied Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Germany.
Codename for the Battle of Normandy.
Battle of the Bulge
An attempt to push the Allied front line West from France to Belgium.
Harry S. Truman
Implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Europe.
Mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of WWII of Germany's unconditional surrender; marked the end of WWII.
Allied strategy for Japan
A US naval base that Japan bombed.
Air raid by the US on Tokyo and Honshu during WWII; first air operation to strike Japanese islands.
Battle of Midway
American planes based on land and on carriers decisively defeated the japanese fleet on its way to the Midway Islands.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Decisive air/sea battle of WWII that crippled the Japanese Combined Fleet.
Battle of Iwo Jima
Major battle where the US captured the island of Iwo Jima from Japan.
Battle of Okinawa
The largest landing in the Pacific theater of WWII; largest number of casualties.
Significance of Okinawa and Iwo Jima
Areas that could be used as landing strips for the atomic bombs that would destroy the Japanese.
Big Three demanded Germany's unconditional surrender and began to plan for post-war.
Called for the surrender of all Japanese armed forces.
Destroyed in WWII when the US dropped the first ever atomic bomb.
Second and last city to be atomic bombed.
Discrimination against Jews.
Racial laws in Germany.
Slaughter on a mass scale.
2,000 synagogues were destroyed and tens o f thousands of Jews were sent to camps.
Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
Series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces.
Many Jews illegally fled here to escape the Holocaust.
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