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Cluny (in Duch of Aquitaine)
monastery that brought great reforms at end of 10th, beginning of 11th century; founding abbot - Berno
Constantine wrote the Edict of _____ (makes Christianity legal and favored); Bishop Ambrose from here
(associated with both Investiture Conflict and Luther); where Luther was condemned by emperor; where investiture conflict was compromised
Council of Constantinople
closes Trinitarian conflict; final version of Nicene Creed; statement on the Holy Spirit
Council of Chalcedon
defines what is meant in fuller detail what the creed means when it talks about Christ
Lateran IV Council
most important medieval council; defines number of sacraments; transubstantiation and sacrifice: Eucharist; sets forth basic piety of Middle Ages
one of first begging orders; mendicant orders; did not cloister; focused on academic, apologetic (Thomas Aquinas) and preaching to nobility
Pope Gregory I
helped bring some level of stability in midst of chaos and confusion; helped to continue idea of pope of having primacy of jurisdiction; having a final court of appeals in West
primary way that the Romans constructed their imperial buildings; style was taken over at that time
not something unknown; only known when it is revealed; could not make definitions if God had not revealed himself
focused around the human reflection on God's revelation; our putting into words what God has revealed so that we might know God better, love Him, and transmit what we know to future generations
using own cultural words to describe things in Bible; not a Bible word; leaves what the Bible says together, not breaking it
Christ only appeared as a human being; thus, he is only a projection of God; did not really take on flesh
Christ was just a man; adopted by God as His special Son because of His goodness
of like essence (still a creature); breaking Scripture (only taking part of what it says)
recognized full well that they were using their own cultural furniture, but they were dealing with the fact that the Bible is clear, saying that there is one God, in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
focused on Christ's 2 natures so much that it made Him look like 2 different people (oil in water); touch but no real union - division, contrast
what we have in Jesus is a God-soul in a human body (chocolate milk); God puts on a man suit; a confusion of the two natures; no real salvation
before incarnation, hypothetically 2 natures; once incarnation - one composite nature; the human nature is like a drop of wine in the ocean (crapple juice) - change
the father of anchoritic monasticism (a father of monasticism); went to desert to show new kind of discipline
the person who had the middle position on the empire (empire is no longer the "bad guy," but it is not equal to the city of God); rebuked Theodosius; his preaching was influential in Augustine's conversion
Basil of Caesarea
noted that more needed to be said about the Holy Spirit; Council of Constantinople
Gregory of Nazianzus
friendly with Apollinarius, but rebuked him for wrong doctrine; "that which He does not assume, He does not heal"; Basil of Ceasarea's best friend
had been a Roman centurion (converted, then retired); show a kind of Christian discipline to the church at large; father of communal moasticism
evil (creatures of good turn away from God) is not a thing in itself; it is a lack of good, a turning aside from good
Augustine had battles with; dualist group; led Augustine to deal with question of good and evil (he used to be one)
emphasized human ability; Christ is more of an example to follow; no original sin; we save ourselves by being good
Goth who defeated Roman army contingent; said he bought peace to empire to pope, and that he'd be the new ruler of empire
major group in the second era of Middle Ages who caused it to end with new crises; invaded and stayed
developing law of Middle Ages that dealt with life of clergy; regulated which sacraments to get you in right relationship so you can take the Eucharist: penance
motion, causality, degrees of perfection, design, contingency
"five ways" - Thomas Aquinas; discussion about if you work at it hard philosophically, 5 ways to recognize that there is one true God
large writing which logically explains any issue by bringing forth sum total of learning/ views on issue
"Christ the mirror"
predestination viewed not as a spooky term; a comforting term that God is the one who initiates our salvation; if you find yourself a Christian who trusts in Chist, that's how you know you are one of the elect
forgiveness and clothing; all the mediation we need from Christ; God imputes us with righteousness of Christ; we are given full forgiveness and counted righteous and are called to grow; good works flow from Christ's righteousness; works of gratitude
deprived of rigteousness; new habitus in baptism; operation/ cooperation (move to telos); "like known by like"
the assurance understanding of the Middle Ages; could have basic pious belief that you were part of the people who were on their way to heaven
shows that although the infusion model is grace oriented, it can become more around cooperation; God will not deny grace to the one who does what lies within himself
late medieval archbishop of Canterbury; critic of a lot of theology of salvation during his time; wrote The Cause of God against the Pelagians
2nd generation reformer; systematized sola doctrines in the Institutes of the Christian Religion; part of Reformed branch
greatest of Renaissance leaders in North; critic - church was too superstitious, need a good heart piety, be moral, pray, read your Bible; piety of prayer, Bible reading, and being a good moral person
pre-Reformation critic mostly in in church is not stressing Scripture enough and transubstantiation; _________ continued to be a vital force in Bohemia for years after his death, so joined Lutheran movement
an example of the anxiety that late medieval people about salvation; wrote a catechism; gretest fear was death because he had no assurance
Luther's father confessor at Wittenburg; head of Luther's order (Augustinians); in a sense father of reformation because he told Luther to look to Christ when Luther was struggling
a medieval group who stood in dissent to overall church; made thier way to Piedmont, Italy (the Alps); joined in with Reformed movement
pre-Reformation critic mostly in church is not stressing Scripture enough and transubstantiation; ________ had to go underground, but joined in with Protestant church of England
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