How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

145 terms

Huma 101 Final

STUDY
PLAY
Aachen
Carolingian capital that Charlemagne built (distinct from classic Franksh capital, Paris)
Baghdad
final location of Islamic caliphate
Carthage
Augustine went to University here
Cluny (in Duch of Aquitaine)
monastery that brought great reforms at end of 10th, beginning of 11th century; founding abbot - Berno
Constantinople
where Constantine built his new Rome; 4th Crusade
Geneva
Calvin is from here; before Calvin - Farel
Jerusalem
captured by Western troops in 1st Crusade; held for 100 years
Mecca
Muhammad's hegira is from here; birth place; most holy city in Islam
Medina
Muhammad; hegira to here; gained first substantial following here
Milan
Constantine wrote the Edict of _____ (makes Christianity legal and favored); Bishop Ambrose from here
Milvian Bridge
Constantine's victory after his vision; right outside of Rome
Tours
Battle; Charles Martel drives back the Muslims from Spain
Wittenberg
Reformation begins; Luther; 95 Theses
Worms
(associated with both Investiture Conflict and Luther); where Luther was condemned by emperor; where investiture conflict was compromised
Zurich
Zwingli
Council of Nicea
______n Creed; Trinitarian conflict: "of one essence"; Arianism condemned
Council of Constantinople
closes Trinitarian conflict; final version of Nicene Creed; statement on the Holy Spirit
Council of Ephesus
Christological conflicts; Nestorianism condemned
Council of Chalcedon
defines what is meant in fuller detail what the creed means when it talks about Christ
Coucil of Clermont
1st Crusade is called
Lateran IV Council
most important medieval council; defines number of sacraments; transubstantiation and sacrifice: Eucharist; sets forth basic piety of Middle Ages
Council of Constance
ends Papal Schism
Lateran V Council
church needs reform in head and in numbers
Council of Trent
reformatory council of Roman Catholic Church that happened mid-point Reformation
Augustinian
Luther's order
Benedictine
the oldest order; stood by itself in the West for c. 500 years
Dominican
one of first begging orders; mendicant orders; did not cloister; focused on academic, apologetic (Thomas Aquinas) and preaching to nobility
Franciscan
one of first begging orders; mendicant orders; did not cloister; focused on poor
Jesuit
the youngest order; a Reformation order
Pope Gregory I
helped bring some level of stability in midst of chaos and confusion; helped to continue idea of pope of having primacy of jurisdiction; having a final court of appeals in West
Pope Gregory VII
investiture conflict
Pope Innocent III
most powerful of all Medieval popes
Pope Julius II
Lateran V; did not want to call it; wanted to expand papal states (warrior pope)
Pope Leo I
letter used as part of definition of Chalcedon; a tome
Pope Leo III
pope who crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor
Pope Martin V
pope at end of papal schism
Pope Paul V
the strongest anti-Reformation pope
Pope Urban II
calling of 1st Crusade
Pope Zachary
association with Pepin of Franks on who should be king
Basilica
primary way that the Romans constructed their imperial buildings; style was taken over at that time
"mystery"
not something unknown; only known when it is revealed; could not make definitions if God had not revealed himself
doctrine
focused around the human reflection on God's revelation; our putting into words what God has revealed so that we might know God better, love Him, and transmit what we know to future generations
cultural furniture
using own cultural words to describe things in Bible; not a Bible word; leaves what the Bible says together, not breaking it
Sabellianism
Father, Son, and Spirit are like different hats/ modes in which God shows himself
Docetism
Christ only appeared as a human being; thus, he is only a projection of God; did not really take on flesh
Adoptionism/ Ebionism
Christ was just a man; adopted by God as His special Son because of His goodness
Arianism
there was a time when He the Son was not (the Son is the greatest of all creatures)
homoiousios
of like essence (still a creature); breaking Scripture (only taking part of what it says)
homoousios
recognized full well that they were using their own cultural furniture, but they were dealing with the fact that the Bible is clear, saying that there is one God, in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Nestorianism
focused on Christ's 2 natures so much that it made Him look like 2 different people (oil in water); touch but no real union - division, contrast
Apollinariansim
what we have in Jesus is a God-soul in a human body (chocolate milk); God puts on a man suit; a confusion of the two natures; no real salvation
Eutychianism
before incarnation, hypothetically 2 natures; once incarnation - one composite nature; the human nature is like a drop of wine in the ocean (crapple juice) - change
hypostatic union
a union of 2 natures in one person
Antony
the father of anchoritic monasticism (a father of monasticism); went to desert to show new kind of discipline
Ambrose
the person who had the middle position on the empire (empire is no longer the "bad guy," but it is not equal to the city of God); rebuked Theodosius; his preaching was influential in Augustine's conversion
Arius
Arianism
Athanasius
strongest opponent of Arius
Basil of Caesarea
noted that more needed to be said about the Holy Spirit; Council of Constantinople
Constantine
grew up in Roman Britain
Eusebius
happy with Constantine; fulfillment of bringing 2 great cultures together
Gregory of Nazianzus
friendly with Apollinarius, but rebuked him for wrong doctrine; "that which He does not assume, He does not heal"; Basil of Ceasarea's best friend
Leo of Rome
the tome
Pachomius
had been a Roman centurion (converted, then retired); show a kind of Christian discipline to the church at large; father of communal moasticism
privation
evil (creatures of good turn away from God) is not a thing in itself; it is a lack of good, a turning aside from good
grace
Augustine on salvation: key word:
ka'aba
primary sacred sight for Islam that Muhammad wanted totally for Islam
hijra
flight
creed, prayer, charity, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage
pillars of Islam
Qu'ran
recitation (directly from mouth of God through Muhammad)
jihad
struggle (infidels vs. faithful; in one's own life)
sunnis
concerned with following the way
shi'ites
focused its concern on caliph (blood-related to Muhammad); party of Ali
manorialism/ early feudalism
land
fealty/ allegiance
what you swear to be part of feudal arrangement; the way it works
Alaric
sacks Rome in 410 AD, Goth leader
Alcuin
led Carolingian Renaissance that Charlemagne desired concerning education
Benedict
Benedictines
Boniface
a Saxon influenced by Celtic faith; missionary to Germany
Charles Martel
Charlemagne's grandfather; Battle of Tours
Childeric III
deposed by Pepin; "the Stupid"
Clovis
brought the Franks to Christianity
Franks
Gaul
Justinian
greatest of Byzantine emperors
Lombards
taking major portion of Italy
Manichees
Augustine had battles with; dualist group; led Augustine to deal with question of good and evil (he used to be one)
Odovacar
Goth who deposed last Western Roman Emperor
Patrick
Ireland; Celt from Britain
Pelagius
emphasized human ability; Christ is more of an example to follow; no original sin; we save ourselves by being good
Pepin
Charlemagne's father; who should be king? the warrior leader; deposed Childeric III
Saxons
taking major portion of England
Theodoric
Goth who defeated Roman army contingent; said he bought peace to empire to pope, and that he'd be the new ruler of empire
Vandals
attacked Hippo (N. Africa)
Vikings
major group in the second era of Middle Ages who caused it to end with new crises; invaded and stayed
Visigoths
Spain
canon law
developing law of Middle Ages that dealt with life of clergy; regulated which sacraments to get you in right relationship so you can take the Eucharist: penance
1st Crusade
council of Clairmont; Urban II
4th Crusade
Constantinople
Lateran IV
sacrifice for forgiveness of sins
investiture
who invested episcopal authority; bishops swear to state; puttint onto infusion
motion, causality, degrees of perfection, design, contingency
"five ways" - Thomas Aquinas; discussion about if you work at it hard philosophically, 5 ways to recognize that there is one true God
sacerdotal
priestly mediation
sacrament
an outward and visible sign of invisible grace
scholasticism
a way of education in which logic is the key undergraduate concern
summa
large writing which logically explains any issue by bringing forth sum total of learning/ views on issue
Albert
Thomas Aquinas' teacher
Anselm
holds same Augustinian understanding of faith and reason
Averroes
translated works of Aristotle works into Latin; Spanish
Berno
first abbot of cluny; wanted feudal ties to be directly to pope; founding of Cluny monastery
Thomas Aquinas
the greatest of medieval scholastics
ad fonts
going back to the fountains (away from scholastic way to fountains); Renaissance
anfechtung
Luther's spiritual unease over God's righteousness
"catholic"
universal
Holy Roman Empire
centralization of nation states
curialism
papal authority
conciliarism
council authority
"Christ the mirror"
predestination viewed not as a spooky term; a comforting term that God is the one who initiates our salvation; if you find yourself a Christian who trusts in Chist, that's how you know you are one of the elect
evangelical
idea of speaking the good news
formal principle
sola scriptura
imputation
forgiveness and clothing; all the mediation we need from Christ; God imputes us with righteousness of Christ; we are given full forgiveness and counted righteous and are called to grow; good works flow from Christ's righteousness; works of gratitude
infusion
deprived of rigteousness; new habitus in baptism; operation/ cooperation (move to telos); "like known by like"
justitia
God's righteousness
material principle
sola gratia, sola fide, solo Christo
propitiation
the taking away of sins through death of substitute
protestant
political designation
Reformed
Calvinist
Anglican
Thomas Cranmer (1st Archbishop of Canterbury)
Anabaptist
Menno simons
the Renaissance
importance of rhetoric for education (moved the trivium; rhetoric over logic)
moral conjecture
the assurance understanding of the Middle Ages; could have basic pious belief that you were part of the people who were on their way to heaven
reform
moral reform
Reform
doctrinal reform
Biel
shows that although the infusion model is grace oriented, it can become more around cooperation; God will not deny grace to the one who does what lies within himself
Bradwardine
late medieval archbishop of Canterbury; critic of a lot of theology of salvation during his time; wrote The Cause of God against the Pelagians
Bucer
the reformer of city of Strasburg
Calvin
2nd generation reformer; systematized sola doctrines in the Institutes of the Christian Religion; part of Reformed branch
Erasmus
greatest of Renaissance leaders in North; critic - church was too superstitious, need a good heart piety, be moral, pray, read your Bible; piety of prayer, Bible reading, and being a good moral person
Farel
before Calvin at Geneva; convinces Calvin to stay in Geneva
Hus (Hussites)
pre-Reformation critic mostly in in church is not stressing Scripture enough and transubstantiation; _________ continued to be a vital force in Bohemia for years after his death, so joined Lutheran movement
Ignatius Loyola
Jesuits
Kolde
an example of the anxiety that late medieval people about salvation; wrote a catechism; gretest fear was death because he had no assurance
Luther
question about assurance
Staupitz
Luther's father confessor at Wittenburg; head of Luther's order (Augustinians); in a sense father of reformation because he told Luther to look to Christ when Luther was struggling
Waldensians
a medieval group who stood in dissent to overall church; made thier way to Piedmont, Italy (the Alps); joined in with Reformed movement
Wycliffe (Lollards)
pre-Reformation critic mostly in church is not stressing Scripture enough and transubstantiation; ________ had to go underground, but joined in with Protestant church of England
Zwingli
father of Reformed tradition; leader of Reformation in Zurich