Chapter 7 Sections 3-4
Terms in this set (17)
The sacred rights of the church. The Christians believed that the participation of these rituals would lead them into an everlasting life with God. The priest administered these during mass.
It was used in monasteries and convents to set rules and regulate monastic life. The monks and nuns took three vows under this rule.
Worldly. Christianity became the most powerful spiritual and this force in medieval Europe.
Popes claimed this after declaring that they were representations of God on Earth. It gave popes authority over everyone, even kings and emperors.
The churches body of law. It was based on religious teachings and it dictated many aspects of everyday life. If you disobeyed these laws, there were many consequences or penalties one could face, including excommunication.
The punishment a nobleman faced for going against the church. It excluded an entire town, region, or kingdom from receiving the Christian sacraments and burial. Many rulers just went with Christianity because facing this caused revolt from the citizens.
The most severe punishment for disobeying canon law. They could not receive Christian sacraments or a burial, therefore they would spend all of eternity in hell.
Monks that did not live in an isolated community. They preached to the poor people of Europe while traveling. The most well known man of this job was St. Francis of Assisi.
St. Francis of Assisi
A wealthy Italian who gave up his lush lifestyle to preach the gospels taught what he thought were examples of good work. He started the Franciscan order of Friars (first order) which preached poverty, humility, and love of God.
A written order that set out the rights and privileges of a certain town. The merchants asked the local lord for one when they wanted their interests to be protected. To pay back the lords, merchants would have to pay a large amount of money and/or fee. Many had a clause that said anyone that lived in the town for one day and one year lived for free.
Money for investment that stimulated the growth of banking houses.
Groups of merchants that joined together. These groups would pool together money for a large scale investment. This practice made capital more easily available.
Most peasants in Eastern Europe held this position. They would pay rent for their farming land.
A social class made up of merchants, traders, and artisans. The class was in between nobles and peasants and was notoriously hated by the clergy and the nobles.
Associations formed by the merchants and artisans. They would help pass laws, levy taxes, and decided what to do with town funds. Each occupation had one that represented them. The members also cooperated to protect their own economic interests.
Children around 7 or 8 would become a this to a guild master. They would follow this guild master for years to learn and master the trade. They received no salary but were required to be given housing and food. Most only received this job because of family connections.
A salaried worker that was employed by the guild master. They often accused their bosses of paying them poorly to prevent them from opening competing businesses.