66 terms

Anthro Test 2 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Aceramic
a time or place without pottery
acropolis
high part of a city usually fortified on top of a hill
Amphora *
large classical vase form used for carrying liquid
band
hunter-gather groups that are related through marriage or family
bas-reflief *
a relief sculpture in which the design is carved into the background
bodhisattva *
follower of buddha that stayed on earth the help others
broad-spectrum economy
the ability to invest in multiple food strategies
Celadon *
a type of chinese ceramic- greenware
chiefdom
a society organized on hierarchical lineages ruled by a chief
city state
a political unit comprising a city and its supporting hinterland
Cuneiform
form of script used in SW Asia during bronze age
demography
the study of populations of composition and distribution
diffusion
the spread of materials, ideas, and innovations
dolmen
a megalithic tomb type with upright stone slabs that rests a captone
Dry Farming *
farming without the use of irrigation
Genotype
a complete set of genes possessed by an individual
Glacial period *
ice age
Hafted *
given a handle
Haniwa *
models of houses, people, and animals that encircled elite Yamato tombs in Japan
Hieratic *
cursive form of hieroglyphic script used for writing on papyrus
Inconography
artistic representations that usually have over religious or cermonial significance
Interglacial
period of warmer, wetter climates between Ice Ages
isostatic rebound (Isostasy)
rise of the landmasses once the ice sheets have been removed
Kufic
early form of arabic alphabet
lacustrine
relating to lakes
language family
a group of languages deriving from a single source
Laterite*
clay formed by weathering rocks, used for bricks
LiDAR
light detection and ranging, measures distances with extreme accuracy and produces and image of the ground surface
Lingam*
phallus-shaped rock symbolizing the god Shiva in Hindu
Loess
fine, wind blown silt
lost-wax meathod
method of casting metal where wax original is replaced by molten metal
Mari*
polynesian shrine/ temple platform
megalith
"Big Stone"- connection with monuments
Microliths
small, flaked stone tools or weapons
Midden
cultural debris, if fishing is predominantly often made up with shells
Monolith
object made from one large stone
Montane*
mountain-dwelling
Morphology*
physical structure or form
Natufian
Societies in the Middle East that lived in permanent settlements before agriculture
similar to Upper Paleolithic People
Necropolis
a cemetery— a city of the dead
Obsidian*
volcanic glass that can be used to make tools and show trade patterns
Ocher*
iron oxide minerals hematite used for painting and pottery slips
oracle bones
scapulae and turtle carapaces that are heated to form cracks and answer devine question
papyrus
aquatic plant native to egypt, stems used to make paper
pastoralist
a member of a nomadic group that herds domesticated animals
Piece-mold technique*
bronze-casting method
pise*
rammed earth used as building material
Quipu*
Andean South America record keeping expressed by knots
Remote Sensing*
imagining from a distance usually by air
Scarab*
type of amulet from Egypt based of Scarab Beetle
Seal
stone object carved with a design that was pressed into a lump of clay that would form a sealing
sealing
lump of clay impressed by a seal
Sedentism
a residence patter of permanent settlement
state
a society that has centralized and institutionalized control that overrides kinship ties that has hierarchies
Stela
Freestanding carved stone monument
Step Pyramid at Saqqara
built for Djoser, first king of the Third Dynasty, is the oldest stone building of size
- started the practice of pyramid building
Stupa*
a dome-shaped Buddhist shrine
Sutra*
Buddist text
Tell
artificial mound characteristic of SW Asia settlements created by disintegrated mud-brick walls and debris
temper*
material added to clay to give strength
transhumance
the seasonal movement of humans from one ecological zone to another usually following animals
tribe
group of individuals commonly settled farmers or herders with common ancestor with no strong hierarchy
Tumulus*
earthen or stone mound covering a burial
Yamato
Japanese Kingdom located in western Hongshu during 3 kingdoms period
Yoni*
symbol of goddess shakti, stone vagina
Ziggurat
high platform surmounted by a small temple