How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

42 terms

exam 12/22/10 #3

STUDY
PLAY
which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and the bones?
parathyroid hormone (pth)
insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis and leads to:
diabetes mellitus or insulin shock
element that is present in thyroxine:
iodine
description of achondroplasia:
genetic defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth (long bones)... type of dwarfism
characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus:
little or no insuline is produced.
description of tetany:
constant muscle contraction
ACTH
stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex
ADH
stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine output
ALDOSTERONE
increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules
CORTISOL
increases blood sugar
ESTRADIOL
develops and maintains female sex characteristics
INSULIN
helps transport glucose to cells; and decreases blood sugar
EPINEPHRINE
sympathomimetic; raises heart rate and blood pressure
TESTOSTERONE
promotes growth and maintenance of male sex characteristics
THYROXINE
increases metabolism in body cells
PARATHYRIOD HORMONE
raises blood calcium
how many glands are in the endocrine system of the body?
9
the peripheral nervous system refers to the nervous structures outside of the __?__
skull and spinal cord (central nervous system)
shunts are devices used to
relieve pressure in the brain caused by fluid buildup
what is neuroplasty?
decompression of intact nerves
the endocrine subsection of the cpt manual contains codes for __?__ endocrine glands
4
within the endocrine system description, the terms subtotal and __?__ mean somthing less than the total
partial
when reporting a craniectomy/craniotomy procedure, it is common to also code __?__ procedure
grafting
in the surgery of skull base, the __?__ procedure is what is done to the lesion
definitive
what is a health insurance company commonly referred to as?
third party
when can a contract be terminated?
if patient fails to keep appointment, account become delinquent (90 days), refuses to follow the physicians advice
when certain precise steps are not followed when a physician terminates the patient /doctor contract it is called
abandoning
the type of contract that exists between a healthcare provider and a patient is a/an
implied contract
members of a medical team who are not physisians are called __?__ members
ancillary
the act that address the prevention of healthcare fraud and abuse of patients eligible for medicare and medicaid benefits is the:
fraud and abuse act
what year was was HIPAA signed into law?
1996
in compliance with HIPAA, when patients visit their healthcare providers for treatment, they are given a:
privacy statement
the office of inpector general (OIG) recommends all medical facilities have a:
written compliance plan
medicare and medicaid records must be kept a minimum of __?__ years
5
befor medical information can be divulged to a third party, the patient should sign a:
separate release of information
when a health insurance professional intentionally and knowingly misrepresents facts to increase the payment of a claim, it is commonly known as:
fraud
improper methods of doing business that are contradictory to accepted business practices is a definintion of:
abuse
upcoding and unbundling of charges are examles of:
fraud
polyuria, polyphagia polydipsia, weight lass, and fatigue are the principal symtoms of:
diabetes mellitus
a congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in the infant or young child is called:
cretinism
diabetes, which has its onset during pregnancy is called:
gestational
the goal of insulin pump therapy is to do what?
simulate normal pancreatic beta-cell function and deliver both basil and bolus insulin doses in patients with type 1 diabetes