42 terms

exam 12/22/10 #3

which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and the bones?
parathyroid hormone (pth)
insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis and leads to:
diabetes mellitus or insulin shock
element that is present in thyroxine:
description of achondroplasia:
genetic defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth (long bones)... type of dwarfism
characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus:
little or no insuline is produced.
description of tetany:
constant muscle contraction
stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex
stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine output
increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules
increases blood sugar
develops and maintains female sex characteristics
helps transport glucose to cells; and decreases blood sugar
sympathomimetic; raises heart rate and blood pressure
promotes growth and maintenance of male sex characteristics
increases metabolism in body cells
raises blood calcium
how many glands are in the endocrine system of the body?
the peripheral nervous system refers to the nervous structures outside of the __?__
skull and spinal cord (central nervous system)
shunts are devices used to
relieve pressure in the brain caused by fluid buildup
what is neuroplasty?
decompression of intact nerves
the endocrine subsection of the cpt manual contains codes for __?__ endocrine glands
within the endocrine system description, the terms subtotal and __?__ mean somthing less than the total
when reporting a craniectomy/craniotomy procedure, it is common to also code __?__ procedure
in the surgery of skull base, the __?__ procedure is what is done to the lesion
what is a health insurance company commonly referred to as?
third party
when can a contract be terminated?
if patient fails to keep appointment, account become delinquent (90 days), refuses to follow the physicians advice
when certain precise steps are not followed when a physician terminates the patient /doctor contract it is called
the type of contract that exists between a healthcare provider and a patient is a/an
implied contract
members of a medical team who are not physisians are called __?__ members
the act that address the prevention of healthcare fraud and abuse of patients eligible for medicare and medicaid benefits is the:
fraud and abuse act
what year was was HIPAA signed into law?
in compliance with HIPAA, when patients visit their healthcare providers for treatment, they are given a:
privacy statement
the office of inpector general (OIG) recommends all medical facilities have a:
written compliance plan
medicare and medicaid records must be kept a minimum of __?__ years
befor medical information can be divulged to a third party, the patient should sign a:
separate release of information
when a health insurance professional intentionally and knowingly misrepresents facts to increase the payment of a claim, it is commonly known as:
improper methods of doing business that are contradictory to accepted business practices is a definintion of:
upcoding and unbundling of charges are examles of:
polyuria, polyphagia polydipsia, weight lass, and fatigue are the principal symtoms of:
diabetes mellitus
a congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in the infant or young child is called:
diabetes, which has its onset during pregnancy is called:
the goal of insulin pump therapy is to do what?
simulate normal pancreatic beta-cell function and deliver both basil and bolus insulin doses in patients with type 1 diabetes