Upgrade to remove ads
Mock Synthesis: Exam #2
Terms in this set (23)
Identify 2 acts of modernization?
a. horse and buggy replaced by railroads
b. wood structures replaced by iron structures in mills
How do we know that acts of modernization are occurring?
a. it is factual; we can prove it is happening
How did the split between architects and engineers evolve?
a. architects start to abandon idea that what they do is interpret historical traditions
Why is it important for Monet to capture modernity in his painting?
a. He wanted to depict an experience; a personal feeling in what is seen
What 2 theorists valued the past over modern?
a. A.W.N. Pugin
b. John Ruskin
What was E.E. Viollet le Duc's positive reaction to modernization about?
a.. he believed our aspect of the past should be through the past abilities to understand the process of architecture and how it works.
Where did the concept of "structural rationalism" come from?
a. Viollet le Duc's belief that structure is the root of architecture
Why would John Ruskin consider the past as higher quality over modern?
a. He believed the value of architecture is found between relationship of architecture and the designer. "The role of the hand is important"
What did Gottfried Semper suggest made up architecture?
a. 4 elements: earthwork, hearth, framework, enclosure.
What was Pugin best known for?
a. His book called "Contrasts"
How is Pugin's feelings of Medieval art in contrast to modern art expressed in his drawings?
a. He draws medieval style with lots of detail; vividness. He draws contemporary with minimal detail.
What was the point of Pugin's drawings?
a. the use of imagery to rhetorically convey an argument
Identify 2 examples of urbanization.
a. population level change (people moving into the city)
b. paving roads
What was a positive contributor to the drop in death rates from the cholera epidemic?
a. sewer system that controlled polluted water
What allowed the city to become a thing and not just an object?
a. Nadar photography- its ability to photograph commercially
What are the 3 monuments of Haussmannization?
a. central markets
b. national opera
c. avenue de l' opera
How do you upgrade to urbanization?
a. go in and reorganize existing things
How do you make a modern city?
a. starting from scratch, not intervening with past parts of the city
Why did people go to Chicago?
a. for the waterway, connecting river system (canal) to Illinois river to great lakes
How does the use of railroads in Chicago relate to architecture?
a. a plan for a new city to be made, divided into squared grid streets (technology for organizing land, and something to sell)
How was the same size properties beneficial?
a. It allowed for comparison and trade
What are some positive factors of the grid system?
a. Allowed for division of properties
b. made land easily extendable
Why do we no longer use the "Balloon" framing system?
a. Because fires were easily traveled from ground floor-up
You might also like...
PPP - planning history
SITE PLANNING AND URBAN DESIGN
Other sets by this creator
Review Exercise: Exam 3
Synthesis for Final
Pictures: Historicism, Eclecticism, and…
Mock Synthesis Questions