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renr 410 test 2
Terms in this set (20)
What are the elements of the Group Process and building common ground?
5 Stages of
l Bringing a group
l Communicating with a
group , 
l Negotiating & creative
problem solving , 
l Planning for a change
What are the key elements of the success triangle and what types of stakeholders might best represent each element?
-substance: Realm of scientist & technician
-process: Realm of administrator, lawyer & special
-relationships: Realm of politician, journalist,
entrepreneur & civic leaders
What factors might characterize a stakeholder in a given natural resource issue?
Stakeholder: Anyone who has an interest in the issue at hand and wishes to participate in decision making
What are principles of stakeholder involvement and when should stakeholders be involved in obtaining a solution for a natural resource management issue?
-all stakeholders or their representatives are invited to participate in EM
- stakeholders chose their own level of involvement based on their interest
- Diversity of representation cross-sectional representation of demography and
interests of the community
What categories might be used to describe increasing levels of stakeholder participation?
-review and comment
What are some challenges to and key factors for successful collaboration?
-Lack of a visible crisis or opportunity or complacency
-Lack of COMPELLING VISION for the community
-Lack of sufficiently powerful guiding coalition (community)
-Failure to effectively communicate vision
-Failure to create short-term successes
-Failure to INSTITUTIONALIZE THE CHANGE
- Allowing obstacles or challenges to become barriers
-Declaring success to soon
How do the species, ecological processes and landscape approaches to species management differ?
focuses on manipulation of demographic variables of a single species
ecological processes approach
focuses on influencing ecological processes to manage community of species
focuses on landscape patterns to collectively influence groups of species in a desired direction
What are alpha, beta and gamma richness?
number of species within an area of fairly uniform habitat
amount of change in species composition between habitats
number of species within a region
What are minimum viable population and maximum sustained yield?
minimum viable population
smallest spatially discrete population having a specified probability of remaining extant for a specified time period
maximum sustainable yield
net annual reproduction from a stock that can be removed each year without affecting the base population
What are the similarities and differences between the four models used to describe the relationship between ecological functional stability and species richness
conversion of natural ecosystems for human use
dissection of natural habitat by human activity leads to conversion of a contiguous are of native vegetation into remnant patches
includes the spatial characteristics of all the natural and human created aspects in an environment
mosaics are not static, and components of mosaic are not disconnected or isolated from each other
overall integrity of landscape in which natural areas are embedded
What is edge effect and what effects does it have on biodiversity?
landscape fragmentation lead to increased edge/area ratio
edge sensitive species
some species require large un-fragmented habitat and are negatively affected near habitat edges
edge generalist species
can tolerate edges and exert biotic effects on other species
What is a boundary and why is this concept difficult to apply to ecosystems?
What is strategic management, and why is it important for ecosystem management?
Strategy is the art of devising plans for achieving a
predetermined goal; it is a general approach to
accomplishing a mission or mandate.
Strategic management means "ACTING WITH PURPOSE."
To make strategic, tactical and operations decision effectively, what are the key questions we need to ask?
WHERE ARE YOU NOW?
WHERE DO YOU WANT TO GO?
HOW TO GET THERE?
What are SMART goals?
S = SPECIFIC
M = MEASURABLE
A = ATTAINABLE
R = RELATED
T = TRACKABLE
What are the 10 steps of conservation planning? What are differences between collaboration, coordination and consensus?
1. Develop a Vision, define Goals and Objectives
2. Collect data (inventory of resources)
3. Analyze information
4. Develop alternative actions
5. Evaluate alternatives against Goals and Objectives
6. Make decisions based on evaluation of alternatives
7. Implement decisions (plan)
8. Monitor results (outcomes of plan implementation)
9. Test outcomes against Goals and Objectives
10. Begin re-planning (adaptive plans)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
RENR 410 Exam 1
RENR 410- Exam 1
RENR 410 - Exam 3
RENR 410- Exam 2
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