D/E - English Terms Glossary
Terms in this set (30)
a metaphor that has been used so often that the comparison is no longer vivid
The term usually describes a period of art/literature which, as compared with the excellence of a former age, is in decline.
The language of the common people, thus of the market, the street, the pub etc.
Deus ex machina
In literature, the use of an artificial device to solve a problem.
Terms that Ferdinand de Saussure used to describe two different approaches to language. The diachronic approach looks at language as a historical process and examines the ways in which it has changed over time. The synchronic approach looks at language at a particular moment in time, without reference to history. Saussure's structuralist approach is synchronic, for it studies language as a system of interrelated signs that have no reference to anything (such as history) outside of the system.
The separation of a compound word.
A sign under or above a letter to distinguish different values or sounds.
A method of philosophical inquiry and reasoning.
The term denotes a method of analysis, argument or inquiry by which all the possible reasons for or against something are put forward and then disposed of rationally.
(Gk 'that which teaches') Any work of literature which sets out to instruct may be called didactic.
An expression of statement with a double meaning.
verbal expression or exchange; conversation.
Like a discourse, a dissertation is usually a substantial and erudite disquisition.
an unproven principle or belief held to be true
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
The opposite of euphemism, it emphasizes defects.
(Gk 'a leaving out') The omission of essential grammatical elements.
(Gk 'leaving out') A rhetorical figure in which one or more words are omitted.
This occurs at the end of a line of verse and is distinguished from head-rhyme or alliteration and internal rhyme.
A line of verse that flows on into the next line without a pause.
a realization or actuality as opposed to a potentiality
A figure of speech in which something is said is corrected or commented on.
a witty saying expressing a single thought or observation
A moment of sudden revelation or insight
A form or style of argument which seeks to shame the interlocutor into seeing the point.
an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
A rhetorical device in which a question is asked in order to get a definite answer (usually no)
The term denotes pleasing, mellifluous sounds, usually produced by long vowels rather than consonants.
A formal and close analysis of a text: its structure, style, content, imagery.