Terms in this set (66)
another name for this region
three continents that meet in this region
africa, europe, & asia
world's longest river
two rivers that flow through iraq
tigris & euphrates
name for land between tigris & euphrates
region's primary climate
dry & arid
world's largest desert
region's two most important resources
oil & water
what were farmers the first to do to plants & animals?
where were cradles of civilization located?
fertile areas along the three major rivers
this region was a birthplace to what three religions?
islam, judaism, & christianity
region's dominant religion
islam (unifying factor)
region's main language
arabic (unifying factor)
religious & language differences have caused political conflict in what specific area?
the eastern mediterranean
what does PLO stand for?
palestinian liberation organization
what is the PLO?
coalition; represents concerns of palestinians, primarily establishing homeland -> desired capital: jerusalem
who leads the PLO?
hamas (considered terrorist group)
what small minority populates deserts?
when did the ways of the people in this region change dramatically?
what year did central asian countries gain independence from the soviet union?
resource that makes some of region's countries rich
in what countries is standard of living highest?
in countries with economies based on production or sale or oil
why can governments not meet peoples' basic needs?
population surpassed economic growth
why are doctors mainly only available in urban areas?
doctor shortages in rural areas in many countries
are life expectancies high or low in this region?
what has helped farming access in the region?
what type of living is practiced in drier areas & where?
nomadic herding @ oasis
this region is the world's leading producer of what goods?
oil & natural gas due to rapid development due to WWII
important travel waterways for travel & trade
suez canal & persian gulf
major means of transporting oil & gas
what impact does physical geography have on communication & transportation?
telephone communication is difficult over vast deserts; telecommunication highway opened in 1998 along ancient silk road
countries are interdependent on each other for what?
political & economic strength
what does OPEC stand for?
organization of petroleum exporting countries
what is the OPEC?
a cartel (alliance) of countries banded together for economic & political strength; A MONOPOLY
what does the OPEC do?
set oil prices & stay united in order for all countries in cartel to receive best profit
what is an important food source for region's RAPIDLY growing population?
oil is not evenly distributed throughout region's countries; creates economic shortages & hardships
nothing just know that
what events have heightened environmental concerns in the region?
new technologies & destructive wars
explain the persian gulf war
kuwait was invaded for oil; Iraq troops set oil on fire as punishment, dumped oil into persian gulf: killed fish (a food supply), ruined desalinization source
what is a nuclear or chemical danger in this region?
no one maintains soviet cold war weapons; radiation leaks
what are the three troubled seas?
caspian sea, aral sea, & dead sea
what challenges do the three troubled seas face?
overfishing; water diversion
*which jewish festival is known as the "festival of lights?"
*where did kebabs originate?
*what type of food is forbidden for muslims?
*what is the last standing of the ancient wonders of the world?
pyramids of giza
*what is the western wall made out of?
*what is the most common item of dress in southwest asia?
*what is the name for the two string fetted lute?
*what culture played senet?
*buzkashi is the national sport of what country?
besides desert, name two climates found in this region
step & ?
what are the four quarters of jerusalem?
muslim, christian, jewish, & armenian
what is a baazar?
a traditional marketplace ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire city district
who is viewed as responsible for the armenian holocaust?
what religion do armenian people predominantly practice?
who is allah?
islamic equivalent of god; god in arabic
who was muhammad?
"the messanger of god"; allah's prophet in the islamic religion
what is the translation of 'hegira?'
who were the religious leaders that carried on muhammed's mission after his death?
in what ways was islam spread around the world?
conquest: through holy wars (jihad); by trade: through merchant ships & camel caravans
how many islamic people are estimated to be in the united states?
what was the original meaning for the word 'jihad?'
what is the current meaning for the word 'jihad?'
the holy war that would guarantee entrance to paradise (heaven)
true or false: the islamic holy book teaches tolerance of other religions
true THIS IS ON THE TEST
true or false: the islamic holy book forbids suicide
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