Structures of the Brain
Terms in this set (18)
Protective membrane that surround the brain and spinal cord
Largest part of the brain. Responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
the "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement and balance
the point in the brain where the visual field information from each eye "crosses over" to the appropriate side of the brain for processing
Medial Longitudinal Fissure
Deep groove separating the left and right halves of the cerebrum
Areas of the brain located just below the frontal lobes that receive smell information from the nose
A broad band of nerve fibers joining the two hemispheres of the brain.
The brain's sensory control center, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
A structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several eating, drinking, body temperature, helps govern the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward.
secretes melatonin, a hormone that regulates the wake-sleep cycle
Connection to spinal cord. Composed of three sections: The medulla, pons, and midbrain.
Most inferior part of the brain stem. Controls breathing and heartbeat.
Central part of the brain stem. Relays information between the cerebellum and cerebrum. Also controls muscles of the face, and REM sleep.
Most superior part of the brain stem; it is important for hearing and sight.
Anterior-most part of the cerebrum. Associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving
Portion of the cerebrum lying at the superior part of the head and toward the anterior; processes sensory information for touch and body position
Located on the lateral aspect of the brain, interior to the ears. Processes sensory information into meaning, such as memories and language.
Posterior-most part of the cerebrum. The visual-processing center.