Terms in this set (30)
Group of organs including the kidneys, that
remove waste from the body
Filter blood and produce urine as waste.
Tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
flexible, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body.
A small tube through which urine exits the body.
Filtering units of the kidney that remove wastes from the blood.
A watery fluid that contains urea and other wastes produced by the kidneys.
waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
pertaining to the kidney
difficult or painful urination
frequent urination at night
small, ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron that filters the blood
crystals formed in the kidneys that cause an obstruction in the urinary tract and extreme pain
covers outer surface of kidney
outer portion of the kidney
middle layer of the kidney. Contains loops of Henle and collecting tubules. Contains pyramids.
blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart
blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney
proximal convoluted tubule
tubule coming off glomerulus
receives processed filtrate from many nephrons and transports it to the renal pelvis
distal convoluted tubule
The portion of the nephron between the loop of Henle and the collecting duct system.
the first step in urine production that happens in the glomerulus
2nd stage of urine production, ions/H2O getting put back into the blood from the filtrate
3rd stage of urine production, urine being sent to the ureters for removal from the body
urinary tract infection
infection, usually from bacteria, of any organ of the urinary system
if you are well hydrated, your urine should be this color
loop of henle
section of renal tubule that descends into medulla and makes urine more concentrated by allowing water to leak into the medulla
small collecting ducts coming off the pyramids
The cavity formed by the convergence of several minor calyces, which drain urine from the minor calyxes into the renal pelvis
central collecting region in the kidney
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