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Chapter 8:Political Geography Part 1
Terms in this set (35)
African Union (AU)
A group of peacekeeping soldiers form various African nations mandated to report violations of cease- fire agreements, atrocities and killings occurring in Sudan in Dafur.
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. A characteristic political form in early Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, and early Italy.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity
A political process, sometimes peaceful but more often violent, that leads to independence. Usually a pattern occurs in which there are negotiations, they fail, minor uprisings from the people occur, the military and police crush the uprisings, and the people increase in their anger and frustrations and escalate their revolts, at which time negotiations are reexamined until independence is attained.
marking the boundary on the landscape...
a state whose territory is long and narrow in shape
European Union (EU)
A free trade zone encompassing 27 European countries
states whose power is divided between the central state and regional or local authorities (such as states, provinces, counties, and cities)
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
boundaries of convenience drawn along lines of latitude or longitude without consideration for cultural or ethnic differences in an area
A nation that has no coastline. Mongolia, Afghanistan and Bolivia are all examples of landlocked nations. and if you don't know where those places are, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Nevada are all example of landlocked States :)
Usually independent states that are small in both area and population.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
North American Free Trading Association (NAFTA)
An economic pact that combined the conomies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico into one of the world's largest trading blocks.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Alliance formed in 1949 by the United States, Britain, and 10 other countries to help defend each other in case of attack
Organization of American States (OAS)
OAS, regional trade organization working for economic and political cooperation
Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
an intergovernmental organization under the UN. It deals with issues such as arms control, human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections
political boundaries that correspond with prominent physical features such as mountain ranges or rivers
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
Nations controlled by the Soviet Union/served as the Buffer Zone; Included: Poland, Czech., Hungary, Romania, and East Germany
The ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
a state in which no other governmental body but the central government has any areas of power that are exclusively under its control.
United Nations (UN)
An international governmental organization created shortly after the end of World War II to guarantee the security of nations and to promote global economic, physical, and social well-being
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
a code of maritime law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide exclusive economic zones
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 2: Population
Chapter 3: Migration
Chapter 4: Folk & Pop Culture
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