21 terms

Naturalization Study Guide #36-40

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15
The executive branch currently has __________ cabinet level departments.
Secretary
What is the title for the heads of 14 of the executive departments (not the Department of Justice)?
Secretary of State
The head of the Department of State is the
Secretary of Defense
The head of the Department of Defense is the
Secretary of the Treasury
The head of the Department of the Treasury is the
Attorney General
The head of the Department of Justice is the
judicial
The __________ branch of government's main function is to interpret the law.
Supreme Court
Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution calls for the creation of a
9
The U.S. Supreme Court currently has how many justices?
law (Judiciary Act of 1869)
The size of the U.S. Supreme Court is set by
Supreme Court
__________ - the highest court of the United States; it sits at the top of the federal court system.
district courts, circuit courts of appeals and the Supreme Court
The three levels of the Federal court system (from lowest court to highest) are __________.
President
Federal court judges (including members of the Supreme Court) are nominated by the __________ and confirmed by the Senate.
Senate
Federal court judges (including members of the Supreme Court) are nominated by the President and confirmed by the __________.
lifetime
Federal court judges serve a __________ tenure, or term of office (during good behavior).
Justice
__________ - the title given to judges of the U.S. Supreme Court and Florida Supreme Court.
State courts
__________ - courts that deal with issues of law relating to those matters that the U.S. Constitution did not give to the federal government and are included in a state's constitution.
Judicial review
__________ - the power of the judicial branch to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches and determine whether or not they are unconstitutional (this includes laws passed by Congress); the U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison established this power.
Marbury v. Madison
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1803) credited with establishing judicial review as a precedent.
John Roberts
The current Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court is
Brown v. Board of Education
Which Supreme Court ruling declared racially segregated schools unconstitutional?
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