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Human Phys - Test 4

STUDY
PLAY
blood cell formation within the red marrow of certain bones is called _____
hematopoisis
__________ are giant cells that destroy bone
osteoclasts
____________ is a disease of the bone in which bone reabsorption outpaces bone deposit, leaving the person with thin and often very fragile bone
osteopoisis
the disease in children whos diets lack calcium or vitamin D, where the bones fail to calcify is called _______
rickets
a fracture where the bone breakes cleanly but does not penetrate the skin is termed as a _______ fracture
closed
the fracture in question 5 can usually be treated by the nonsurgical realignment of the broken bones and splinting called ___________
immobilization
the hormone responsible for removing calcium from the serum and depositing in into the bone is _______
calcitonin
the brain stem and spinal cord exit the skull through the ______ bone
occipital
the disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle-shaped crystals in the soft tissues of joints is called ___
ghout
a fracture in which the bone in crushed commin in the vetebral column is called a _____ fractrue
compression
the suture that connects the two parietal bones together is the ______ suture
sagital
the suture that connects the pariental bones to the occipital bone is the _____ suture
lamboid
a fracture that results from twisting forces is called a ____ fracture
spiral
______ are cells that can build bony matrix
osteoblasts
an area of lon bone where growth takes place is the _____
breast plate
articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are __________
amphiarchroses
articulations permitting no movement are called _______
synarchrosis
which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system
cellular immunity
vertebrae are considered ______ bones, whereas ankle bones are considered _______
irregular, short
which of the following groups of bones in the human body, catagorized according to shape is corect:
coxal bones - irregular bones
the periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense conncetive tissue called:
endochondral bone
red bone marrow functions to _______, wheras yellow bone marrow functions to ____
produce cells, store fat tissue
the presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that
bone length is increasing
long bones in the adult begin as ______ in the embryo
hyaline cartilege
which of the folowing bones form from fibrous membranes
the parietal bone
the rocess of long bone rowth is controlled by ________
growth and sex hormones
the process of bone remodeling is controlled by _____
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
there are four stages in the healing of a bone fracture. which of the following best illustrates the sequence of the stages
(1) bony callus formation
(2) bone remodeling
(3) fibrocartilage callus formation
(4) hematona formation
4/3/1/2
an excess of parathyroid hormone can _____ bone breakdown by causing increased activity of osteoclasts
increase
a compound fracture can be described as when the
broken bone is exposed to the outside
a fracture that is common in children, whose bones have realtively more collagen in their matrix and are more fleaxible that those of adults, is a
greenstick fracture
a fracture that is common in people with osteoporosis
compression fracture
the axial skeleton contains
the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage
the foramen magnum passes through the
axis
the hyoid bone is unique because
it is the only bone of the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone
the five regions of the vertebral column from superior to inferior are
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
which of the following is correct of the femae pelvis when comparint it with the male pelvis
the distance between the female ischial spines is greater
ther are _____ pair of true ribs, whereas there are ____ pair of floating ribs
7/2
which of the following is NOT a component of the "upper extremity"
tarsals
which of the following is NOT a component of the "lower extremity"
metacarpals
chronic forms of arthritis include each of the following except
costal carilage arthritis
There are only two fontanels present in the normal fetal cranium (T/F)
false
Fontanels allow the fetal skull to be compressed slightly during birth (T/F)
true
the layman's term for the scapula is the collarbone
false
Costal cartilages foin ribs to the sternum (T/F)
true
in anatomical position, the lateral forearm bone is the radius (T/F)
true
there are seven cervical, twelve thracic, and five lumbar vertabrae (T/F)
true
the tibia is also known as the shinbone (T/F)
true
fontanels allow for growth of the brain (T/F)
true
chronic forms of arthritis usually result from bacterial incasion of the joint (T/F)
false