careers in psych exam 2
Terms in this set (54)
5 core mental health professions
clinical psych, counseling psych, social work
, psychiatry, marriage and family therapy
clinical psych: degree needed
Ph.D / Psy.D
counseling psych: degree needed
Ph.D / Psy.D / Ed.D
social work: degree needed
LCSW / MSW
psychiatry: degree needed
marriage and family therapy
key similarities between clinical and counseling psych
core activities for both are: practice research, administration, teaching & supervision
both EMPHASIZE the integration of:
clinical psych (how its different from counseling psych)
focuses on understanding psychological symptoms, distress, and disorders as well as developing and providing interventions to treat these conditions
counseling psych (how its different from clinical psych)
focuses on understanding human ADJUSTMENT with the goal of developing and providing interventions that help clients return to normal functioning and promote growth
three major activities of a clinician
practice, research, admin, teaching & supervision
process of a psychologist to receive prescription privileges
certain states, additional training, license in psychology
in academic settings, what kind of jobs are the largest portion of clinical and counseling psychologists employed in
focus on treatment of psychological disorders
focus on human adjustment to normal functioning
general progression and timeline towards a doctoral degree in clinical and counseling psych (coursework, milestones, internships etc)
what percentage of doctoral degrees in psych awarded btw 2002-2012 were awarded in counseling/clinical programs?
~50% (35% clinical/// 13% counseling)
process of obtaining licensure, as well as privileges that come from getting licensed~
phd/psyd/msw... ability to call yourself psychologist, ability to practice, usually requires post doc training
what percentage of masters and doctoral degrees in psych do educational and school psych account for in the US
between educational and school psychologists, which is more likely to be a researcher, or practitioner? what are the most common employment settings for each?
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST: researcher (research centers, academic settings)
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST: practitioner (school district)
which psychology subfield has had the most influence on educational psychology?
what are the three main factors educational psychologists study?
-factors in student learning
what are the four major categories of issues that can interfere with education according to school psychologists? what is the single biggest issue that school psychologists address?
developmental, emotional, social, academic
BIGGEST: developmental disabilities
two issues having the most impact on ed. and school psych?
funding issues & technological advances
what certifications does a school psychologist usually need?
doctoral degree or MSW with experience and training can lead to a school psychologist. licensure by state needed to work in public schools.
Trends in Psychology (for educational/school psych)
increase in specialty degrees, decrease in doctoral degrees
both research and practice of professional psych (LEGAL INVOLVEMENT)... both criminal law and civil law. one of the NEWEST subfields of psych
Criminal Forensic Psychology
interacts with criminal legal system and deals with how criminal law is established, how offenders are punished and focuses on punishment in general
Civil Forensic Psychology
interacts with civil legal system (family courts and admin courts), focuses on redress of wrongs (restitution, compensation)
core activities of a forensic psychologist
assessment, treatment, consultation with legal system, testimony, trial consultation, program development/admin
Child Custody Assessments
"are you fit to take care of a child?"
"does the child need a guardian?"
Areas of Forensic Psychology
research, public policy development, education, clinical practice
largest area of forensic psychology
research topics in forensic psych
jury selection, child abuse, stalking, DV, lineups, eyewitness testimony
occupation in forensic psych, BA usually needed but not always, training needed
forensic science technician
occupation in forensic psych, BA or MA needed
Probation Officer/Correctional Treatment Specialist
BA or MA needed, plus training
health psych conceptualizes health as being influenced by what factors?
biological, psychological and sociocultural factors. HEALTH PSYCH IS GUIDED BY A BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL FRAMEWORK
three components of health psychology
-understanding health and illness through basic and clinical research and by encouraging integration of biomedical info about health and illness with current psychological knowledge
-promoting education and services in the psychology of health and illness
-informing the psychological and biomedical community, as well as the general public on the results of current research and service activities in this area
APA recognized health psych as a specialty area in
health psychologists focus research on which 3 areas?
-stress & coping
-issues in healthcare
definition clinical health psychology
Focus on applying scientific knowledge on the interrelationships among behavioral, emotional, cognitive, social, and biological components in health and disease.
degree required for entry level positions in health psych RESEARCH vs PRACTICE
doctoral for both because of such a high level of academia in surrounding positions
examples of occupations those with bachelors can hold in field of health psych
OT aide, research assistant (assist w research protocols assoc. w drug trials; assist w data collection and analysis), recreational therapist (arts & crafts, music pet therapy, gardening, sports)
median salary for clinical and counseling psychologists
two trends have a dramatic impact on income and professional activities
managed care, masters level mental health professionals
clinical social worker
concerned with the effects of social problems and strive to improve the human condition
-masters degree in social work
-provide counseling;; help individuals assess social services like housing etc
what are you if you have a masters degree in clinical or counseling psych
can engage in limited practice;; not a PSYCHOLOGIST, but a mental health counselor or professional counselor
largest group of mental health service providers in US
purpose of licensure
-protects the public by ensuring that only those professionals who are qualified to provide services do so
-regulates the practice of the profession by establishing standards and monitoring the actions of professionals
-requiring a license protects the use of a title
differences between education and school psych
-school psych more individual.
-doctoral degree required for educational
-masters/specialist/doctoral for school
what subfields make comparable salaries
ed/health/clinical at phD level
is health psych interdisciplinary