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45 terms

Chapter 14 Medieval Japan

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great change
period during which japan was divided into provinces
daimyo
powerful military lords
onin war
warriors who agreed to fight for nobles in exchange for land
Murasaki Shikibu
a female novelist and poet
Jimmu
the first of the Yamato leaders of japan; Emporer of Heaven: founded line of rulers never to be broken
Minamoto Yoritomo
the first shogun; ruthless ruler, killed many of his own relatives
nara peirod
AD 700's
shogun
military leader; title given be Emporer
the tale of genghi
a novel written by Murasaki Shikibu
gempei war
civil war between the tiara family and the minamoto family
jomon
an ancient japanese culture that used cords to mark pottery
kamikaze
typhoons that smashed attaking mongol ships
vassals
samurai who gave on oath of loyalty
origami
the art of folding paper
shinto
a Japanese religion based on the belief in nature spirits
constitution
a plan of government
the yai clans
headed by warriors
Shotoku
Yamato prince who used china as an example for japan; created a constitution
the emperor created the title of shogun
to reward his wife's family
when the mongols attacked japan
their ships were smashed by storms
feudalism
a bond of loyalty between a lord and a vassal is known as
afterlife
most japanese people believed that buddhism prepared them for the
calligraphy
the art of writing beautifully
rice and wheat
Japanese farmers grow
sea of japan
lies between china and japan
Yamato
today's emperor of japan decended from
Yamato wrote the constitution
during the great change
government officials during the nara period
hired because they were from nobles from powerful families
the samurai
loyal to their nobles
shogunate
the military government of japan
Ashikaga takauji
general who made himself shogun
the onin war
a time when warriors fought for control
zen Buddhism
taught how to achieve inner peace
animism
Early Japanese believed all things are alive (wind, mountains, rivers) All these have spirits
Kamakura
small seaside town
shrine
holy place to worshiop
Hokkaido
one of Japan's four largest islands
Honshu
one of Japan's four largest islands
Shikoku
one of Japan's four largest islands
Kyushu
one of Japan's four largest islands
Marusaki Shikibu
great novelist and poet of the Japanese Heian period; she wrote the Tale of Genji; some people believe the work is the world's first novel
Japan
a chain of more than 3000 islands that run north to south in the pacific ocean off the Korean peninsula
samurai
warriors who agreed to fight for the nobles
samurai
means "one who serves"
Yayoi
introduced farming, made pottery, lived in clans, skilled metalsmiths