Holt Chapter 13: Ions in Solution and Colligative Properties
Terms in this set (17)
The separation of an ionic compound in solution into positive and negative ions.
net ionic equation
an equation that includes only the actual participants in a reaction
ions present in solution that do not participate directly in a reaction but rather stay dissociated
formed when water ionizes itself or another molecular compound, H₃O⁺
a substance that almost totally dissociates into ions when it dissolves in water
a substance that only partly dissociates into ions when it dissolves in water
a solid produced during a chemical reaction between solutions in which one of the products is not soluble
characteristics of a solution that depend on the concentration of solute particles but not on their identity
a substance that has little tendency to become a gas under existing conditions
molal freezing-point constant
this is the amount by which the temperature of freezing for a given solvent will change in a 1-molal nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte solution
molal boiling-point constant
this is the amount by which the temperature of boiling for a given solvent will change in a 1-molal nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte solution
the difference between the freezing point of the solvent and a solution of nonelectrolyte in that solvent. It is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution.
the difference between the boiling point of the solvent and a solution of nonelectrolyte in that solvent. It is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution.
a barrier that allows some, but not all, particles to cross
the movement of solvent through a semipermiable membrane from area of low concentration to area of high concentration
the pressure required to stop osmosis
dissolved in water
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