1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Trail from independence Missouri to Oregon used by many pioneers during the 1840s
land in what is today the Pacific Northwest, it was peacefully split between U.S. and Great Britain
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman
Famous missionaries who were the first permanent settlers in Oregon
American adventurers and fur trappers who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains and the Oregon Territory
Final compromise line that settled the Oregon boundary dispute in 1846
Illinois to Salt Lake City Utah, escape religious persecution, Brigham Young
Successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith; responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Salt Lake City, Utah
Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.
the 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico
California Gold Rush
sparked by an 1848 discovery by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill, in Coloma, California
21 religious outposts established between 1769 and 1833 in California. Most by the Franciscans, and most along with a military presidio nearby
American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico; his father led the first 300 settlers into Texas
First America to receive Spanish land grant in Mexico, later Texas. He died and passed land to his son.
Commanded the garrison at the Alamo; important in rallying the men to continue fighting
United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)
Known for his famous "knife" and a sometimes reckless adventurer. Now immortalized as one of the true folk heroes in early Texas as one of the defenders who died at the Alamo.
to peacefully give up, usually a parcel of land
(v.) To add to, attach: to incorporate;(n.) An attachment or addition
1845. Originally refused in 1837, as the U.S. Government believed that the annexation would lead to war with Mexico
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
the authority to carry out a policy or course of action
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
incapable of being satisfied
American Blood on American Soil
The Mexican War started over a disputed boundary; a young Congressman from Illinois questioned who actually started the war, demanding to know where "American blood was spilled on American soil"
Father Junipero Serra
The Spanish missionary who founded 21 missions in California, in 1769, he founded Mission San Diego de Alcala, the first of the chain.
Claimed by United States as southern boundary of Texas.
River that Mexico claimed as the Texas-Mexico boundary, crossed by Taylor's troops in 1846
American general in the Mexican War whose nickname was "Old Rough and Ready"
"Old Fuss and Feathers," whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. victory in the Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $18 million
Carpenter who discovered gold in California in 1848
Incentives for potential migrants to leave a place, such as a harsh climate, economic recession, or political turmoil.
A factor that draws or attracts people to another location
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Chapter 9: Manifest Destiny, Texas, Oregon and The Mexican War28 terms