34 terms

Manifest Destiny Unit Exam

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Manifest Destiny
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Oregon Trail
Trail from independence Missouri to Oregon used by many pioneers during the 1840s
Oregon Territory
land in what is today the Pacific Northwest, it was peacefully split between U.S. and Great Britain
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman
Famous missionaries who were the first permanent settlers in Oregon
Mountain Men
American adventurers and fur trappers who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains and the Oregon Territory
49th Parallel
Final compromise line that settled the Oregon boundary dispute in 1846
Mormon Trail
Illinois to Salt Lake City Utah, escape religious persecution, Brigham Young
Brigham Young
Successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith; responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Salt Lake City, Utah
Joseph Smith
Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.
Texas Revolution
the 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico
California Gold Rush
sparked by an 1848 discovery by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill, in Coloma, California
California Missions
21 religious outposts established between 1769 and 1833 in California. Most by the Franciscans, and most along with a military presidio nearby
Stephen Austin
American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico; his father led the first 300 settlers into Texas
Moses Austin
First America to receive Spanish land grant in Mexico, later Texas. He died and passed land to his son.
William Travis
Commanded the garrison at the Alamo; important in rallying the men to continue fighting
David Crockett
United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)
Jim Bowie
Known for his famous "knife" and a sometimes reckless adventurer. Now immortalized as one of the true folk heroes in early Texas as one of the defenders who died at the Alamo.
cede
to peacefully give up, usually a parcel of land
annex
(v.) To add to, attach: to incorporate;(n.) An attachment or addition
Texas Annexation
1845. Originally refused in 1837, as the U.S. Government believed that the annexation would lead to war with Mexico
siege
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
mandate
the authority to carry out a policy or course of action
nationality
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
insatiable
incapable of being satisfied
American Blood on American Soil
The Mexican War started over a disputed boundary; a young Congressman from Illinois questioned who actually started the war, demanding to know where "American blood was spilled on American soil"
Father Junipero Serra
The Spanish missionary who founded 21 missions in California, in 1769, he founded Mission San Diego de Alcala, the first of the chain.
Rio Grande
Claimed by United States as southern boundary of Texas.
Nueces River
River that Mexico claimed as the Texas-Mexico boundary, crossed by Taylor's troops in 1846
Zachary Taylor
American general in the Mexican War whose nickname was "Old Rough and Ready"
Winfield Scott
"Old Fuss and Feathers," whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. victory in the Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $18 million
James Marshall
Carpenter who discovered gold in California in 1848
push factors
Incentives for potential migrants to leave a place, such as a harsh climate, economic recession, or political turmoil.
pull factors
A factor that draws or attracts people to another location
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