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33 terms

Poetry

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speaker
the narrator of a poem
line
a group of words on one line of a poem
stanza
a group of lines arranged together
rhythm
can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Free Verse Poetry
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters
onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name
alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
consonance
repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words
assonance
repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
repetition
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem
simile
a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work
hyperbole
exageration often used for emphasis
personification
an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities
symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
imagery
language that appeals to the five senses
Shakespearean Sonnet
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme
concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem
unimeter
a line of metered poetry with 1 foot
dimeter
a line metered poetry with 2 feet
trimeter
a line of metered poetry with 3 feet
tetrameter
a line of metered poetry with 4 feet
pentameter
a line of metered poetry with 5 feet
hexameter
a line of metered poetry with 6 feet
octameter
a line of metered poetry with 8 feet
decameter
a line of metered poetry with 10 feet
heptameter
a line of metered poetry with 7 feet
iamb
a two syllable foot that is unstressed/stressed
trochee
a two syllable foot that is stressed/unstressed
spondee
a two syllable foot that is stressed/stressed