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Soc- Soc stratification
Terms in this set (44)
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
4 principles of social stratification
1. is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences. 2. carries over from one generation to the next. 3. is supported by a system of cultural beliefs that defines certain kinds of inequality as just. 4. takes two general forms: caste systems and class systems.
a change in position within the social hiearchy.
allow little change in social position. called caste systems
permit much more social mobility. class systems
social stratification based on ascription, or birth.
the custom of marrying only within the community, clan, or tribe
social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement.
social stratification based on personal merit
the degree of uniformity in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility.
The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
the second estate of the realm: the nobility (especially British nobility) of the rank of duke or marquess or earl or viscount or baron
latin for first born. Giving all to the oldest son
The lowest stratum of the estate system of stratification, composed of the masses of people who spent their lives engaged in hard physical labor.
structural social mobility
a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts
cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality.
structural function of stratification/davis moore thesis
that positions a society considers crucial must offer enough rewards to draw talented people away from less important work
People who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits
people who sell their labor for wages
davis moore thesis
the assertion that social stratification exists in every society because it has beneficial consequences for the operation of society
the experience of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness
why no to marxist revolution
Fragmentation of capitalists
A higher standard of living for most workers
More worker organizations to protect their rights
Greater legal protections and social programs
blue collar occupation
lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labour
white collar occupation
- higher-prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity
a persons perceived importance and influence based on such factors as income, occupation, and education level, In europe, asia, the middle east, and other parts of the world, centuries old traditions of acknowledging status differences still exist today. Status differences exist in the United States but are often more subtle = Income, Occupation, Education adapt to diverse listeners
Buying and using products because of the "statement" they make about social position
A formula showing that inequality increases during the early stages of capitalist development, then declines, and eventually stabilizes at a relatively low level.
More inequality as surplus begins
More inequality with more surplus
More inequality with more specialization
Though with increasing education inequality diminishes and a lessening of men's domination of women
Earnings from work or investment
The total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts
class makes a difference to the quality of your health
values and attitudes
upper upper is ocncerned with geneology. upper upper is more tolerant of controversial behavior due to less supervision=less discipline
upper upper have less to do with politics to not stir the pot, but on social matters they are more liberal.
Family and gender
lower social class have more kids due to early marriage and less birth control. Parents of high social rank encourage "cultural capital to their children, teaching them to express individuality amd imagination; where as lower class family is taught to conform and respect authority.
upward social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
downward social mobility
movement down the social class ladder
intragenerational social mobility
a change in social position occurring during a person's lifetime
intergenerational social mobility
upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
mobility: race, ethnicity, and gender
always been harder for minorities to move. Women have closed the earning gaps.
mobility and marriage
being married makes you move up because of pressure to succeed to support. Divorce makes you go down because they take on a lot of financial burdens.
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