Living Things

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Roots
holds the plant in place
stores extra food
takes in nutrients
Root growth
down toward gravity
Stem growth
up toward sunlight
Stem
holds the leaves up to gather sunlight
moves nutrients from the roots to the stem
Leaves
where photosynthesis takes place
Seed
where a tiny plant is developed from
Flower
the place where seed reproduction takes place
Fruit
the protective covering for seeds
Plant reproduction
Pollen is produced in the stamen.
Pollen is then transferred by the insect (or wind) to the pistil.
The pollen travels down the stamen to the ovary where it is fertilized and a fruit usually begins to grow that contains seeds.
Spores
Some plants like ferns and mosses reproduce with these.
In ferns these are tiny circles that form on the underside of the plant.
Skin
covers and protects the body
Brain
controls the functions of organs
Heart
made of muscle and pump blood through the body
Lungs
takes in oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide
Stomach
breaks down food into liquid nutrients for the body to use it
Liver
makes digestive juices called bile that helps break down food and cleans the blood
Small intestines
allows nutrients from food to pass into blood vessels
Large intestines
removes water from food and undigested material, removes waste
Pancreas
makes digestive juices for the small intestines
Muscles
helps your body to move and gives your body structure
Skeleton
gives the body support and protects organs
Kidneys
collects waste in the form of urine
Sensory Organs
organs that take in messages and sends them to the brain (5 senses - eyes, ears, nose, mouth, fingers)
Animal Classification
vertebrates and invertebrates
Vertebrates
animals with a backbone
birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish
Invertebrates
animals without a backbone
insects, worms, crabs
Some animals like turtle have a backbone and a shell.
Mammals
live on land and water
have hair or fur
feed young with milk
breathe with lungs
give birth to live young
Producers
(green plants both on land and water) are important to our food chain
Without their ability to make their own food, all other animals would eventually die.
Food chains/food webs
Show the transfer of energy.
The arrows point in the direction energy flow.
Most of the energy is used by the organism.
Only 10% is passed on to the next level.
Food chain/food web elimination
Some species will overpopulate and other will die
Adaptation
Something that allows an living thing to survive
Waxy leaf to reduce evaporation in a warm climate, hibernation, growing extra fur, thumbs, staying under rocks in a desert during the day
Many lifecycles begin with a(n) ___________.
egg
Inherited traits
Traits you get from your parents
Example: eye color and hair color
Learned traits
Traits you learned through your environment
Example: riding a bike

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.