Terms in this set (20)
a hard gemstone
the most famous Daoist teacher
(551-479 BCE) A Chinese philosopher known also as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history.
someone or something that can predict the future
A religion in China which emphasizes the removal from society and to become one with nature.
the belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled
First emperor of the Han dynasty under which a new social and political hierarchy emerged. Scholars were on top, followed by farmers, artisans, and merchants. He chose his ministers from educated men with Confucian principals.
A person of high rank who owned land but owed loyalty to his king
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 4,000 mi and linking China with the Roman Empire.
emperor under the Han Dynasty that wanted to create a stronger central government by taking land from the lords, raising taxes and places the supply of grain under the government's control
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
(221-207 BCE) The first centralized dynasty of China that used Legalism as its base of belief.
A farmer with a small farm
a barrier that linked earlier walls across China's northern frontier
(1766-1122 BCE) The Chinese dynasty that rose to power due to bronze metallurgy, war chariots, and creation of China's first writing system.
(202 BC - 220 AD) dynasty started by Lui Bang; a great and long-lasting rule, it discarded the harsh policies of the Qin dynasty and adopted Confucian principles; Han rulers chose officials who passed the civil service exams rather than birth; it was a time of prosperity
(1050BC-400BC) Longest dynasty in Chinese history. Established a new political order with king at the highest level, then lords and warriors and then peasants.
Subject matter of Chinese painters
a device that measures the strength of an earthquake