23 terms

Elements of Literature

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Plot
the story's action, which is a series of events called a plot line/plot triangle. A typical plot line contains five parts.
Exposition
the beginning of a story, when the setting, characters and conflict are introduced.
Rising action
the main part of a story, when the main character tries to solve his or her problem.
Climax
the most exciting or important part in a story. The climax is often called the turning point.
Falling action
the part of the story following the climax. It is the part of the story that leads to the ending, or resolution.
Resolution
the end part of a story, when the conflict is solved
Conflict
a problem or struggle between two opposing forces in a story. There are different types of conflicts.
person vs. person
one character has a problem with another character or characters.
person vs. self
a character struggles with him/herself.
person vs. nature
a character struggles against an element of nature.
character
a person or animal who takes part in the action of a story.
protagonist
the main character in a story. The protagonist is often the good or heroic character.
antagonist
the person or force that fights against the protagonist in the story; the villain or "negative force".
characterization
the ways in which a writer makes a character seem real:
*sharing a character's conversations, thoughts or actions
*describing the character's appearance
*showing what others think of the character
setting
the time, place and mood of the story
theme
a message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader. The reader must usually figure out the theme, since it is not stated directly.
narrator
the person or character who is telling the story.
dialogue
the words that characters speak to each other. Dialogue is set off with quotation marks.
foreshadowing
the use of clues that suggests events to come later in the story.
point of view
the angle from which a story is told, which depends upon who is telling it.
first person point of view
one of the characters tells the story. Pronouns like "I, me, my, we . . ." are used.
third person point of view
someone outside of the story is telling it. Pronouns like "he, she, they . . ." are used.
motivation
the reasons that explain or partially explain a character's thoughts, feelings, actions or speech.