Sports Medicine- Ch. 17 Therapeutic Modalities
Terms in this set (44)
Muscle Spasm/ Pain Cycle
A debilitating syndrome in which pain caused by injury produces muscle spasms that increase pain and spasms in a cyclical manner.
Treatments involving the use of heat to increase circulation in order to improve flexibility and decrease pain and muscle spasms.
Rehabilitative treatments involving the use of cold to decrease circulation in order to decrease pain, muscle spasms, inflammation, and edema.
Ice, placed in a plastic bag, applied to an injury to decrease circulation, pain, edema, muscle spasms, and inflammation.
Direct application of ice to the body to obtain a therapeutic numbing effect; used to decrease circulation, inflammation, muscle spasms, and pain in a local area.
An aerosol coolant used to quickly lower the temperature of superficial body tissues and decrease pain.
Ice Water Immersion
The cooling of tissues through submersion in ice cold water; used to decrease circulation, inflammation, muscle spasms, edema, and pain in the treated area.
A therapeutic bath of heated or cooled water in which all or part of the body is exposed to forceful, massaging currents in the water.
A moist heat pack used to increase circulation and flexibility as well as to decrease pain and muscle spasms in the treated area.
The immersion of a body part in melted paraffin to increase circulation and flexibility as well as to decrease pain and muscle spasms.
Rehabilitative treatments that use electrical current to achieve therapeutic effects.
The application of sound waves to a body area to increase circulation and flexibility as well as to decrease pain and muscle spasms in that area.
Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS)
Also known as neuromuscular stimulation (NMS); the use of electrical stimulation to re-educate injured muscles, strengthen healthy muscles, and slow the effects of atrophy in a given area.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
The use of electrical current to block the sensation of pain to a given area of the body.
The therapeutic use of a high frequency electrical current to increase circulation and flexibility as well as to decrease pain and muscle spasms in a given area of the body.
Rehabilitative treatment that uses external force to increase or decrease circulation and reduce pain.
The periodic application of compression to a part of the body to reduce edema in that area.
The distraction, or pulling, of a body part or segment for rehabilitative purposes.
The systematic manipulation, methodical pressure, friction, and kneading of the soft tissues of the body to increase circulation, decrease pain, and promote relaxation.
What is R.I.C.E.?
Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate
What is RICE effective for?
Initial control of bleeding, swelling, spasm, pain
What are ice packs?
flaked of crushed ice in a plastic bag
What are ice packs effective for?
conforms to body's contours
best combined w/ rice
How to use ice packs:
Fill bag w/ ice
Conform to body area
Remove excess air
Apply and secure with ace wrap
What is an ice massage and what is it effective for?
paper cups filled 3/4 w/ water and frozen
How to perform ice massage:
Peel down paper to ice cylinder
Rub over affected area until pink (7-10 minutes)
What is ice immersion?
Whirlpool tank, bucket, or other container filled w/ water and ice
What is ice immersion effective for?
highly contoured areas like hand
ROM exercises done simultaneously
What is a chemical coolant/ Vapocoolant spray?
cold sprays which use rapid evaporation of chemicals to freeze skin
What is chemical coolant effective for?
prior to stretching: trigger points, myofacial pain
What are heat packs?
hydrocollator pack which contain silicate gel in a cotton pad immersed in 170 degree water
What are heat packs used for?
sub-acute strains, spasms, tendinitis
What is an ultrasound?
Sound waves delivered through a transducer which bounce between tissues and applicator causing tissue vibration to create heat
What is an ultrasound used for?
sub-acute tendinitis, bursitis, spasms
reducing scar tissues
heating of deep tissue
What is a hot whirlpool?
tank w/ turbine motor that moves water and air
combines thermotherapy and hydromassage
What do contrast baths do?
produces vasodilation from thermotherapy and vasoconstriction from cryotherapy to increase circulation, reduce swelling, and restore ROM
What are contrast baths effective for?
What are contrast bath contraindications?
What does electrotherapy (electrical stimulation) do?
a way to decrease pain, increase blood flow, increase ROM, re-educate muscles, decrease atrophy
What is electrotherapy used for?
strain, spasm, muscle weakness, inflammation
What are contraindications of electrotherapy?
pacemakers, near malignancies, bleeding, pregnancy
What do massages do?
increase circulation, increase venous flow, stretch scar tissue, relax muscle, stimulate cell metabolism
What are the indications of massage?
sub-acute injuries, spasms, tendinitis, stiff and sore muscles
What are massage contraindications?
acute injuries, contusions, hemorrhaging, infection, blood clots, nerve damage, skin disease