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1430 Test 2
Terms in this set (60)
Hct normal range
What does HCT level show?
% of RBCs in blood (elevated with dehydration, decreased with over hydration)
Hgb normal range
What does HGB show?
O2 carry capacity of RBCs (lowered in anemias, elevated with too much iron)
Albumin normal range
Albumin tests for:
pre-albumin normal range
Transferrin normal range
iron transport plasma protein
Cholesterol Normal Range
LDL Normal Range
HDL normal range
BUN/Creatinine Ratio normal range
BUN/Creatinine Ratio is:
The BUN/Creatinine ratio is useful in the diagnosis of acute or chronic renal disease. Reduced renal perfusion, e.g., congestive heart failure, or recent onset of urinary tract obstruction will result in an increase in BUN/Creatinine ratio. Increased urea formation also results in an increase in the ratio, e.g., gastrointestinal bleeding, trauma, etc. When there is decreased formation of urea as seen in liver disease, there is a decrease in the BUN/Creatinine ratio. In most cases of chronic renal disease the ratio remains relatively normal.
Humalog/Novolog/Apidra times (Rapid acting)
Onset 5-15m, peak 1-1.5h, Duration 2-5h
Regular insulin times (Short acting)
Onset 30-60m, peak 1-5h, Duration 6-10h
NPH Insulin times (intermediate acting)
Onset 2-4h, peak 4-10h, Duration 10-16h
Lantus Times (Long Acting)
Onset 2-4h, peak none, Duration 24h
Levemir Times (Long acting)
Onset 3-4h, peak 3-14, Duration 6-24+h
Foods high in calcium
Foods high in iron
organ meats, meat, fish & poultry, dried beans, whole & enriched grains, green leafy veggies
Foods high in phosphorus
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, dried beans, whole grains
Foods high in B1 (thiamine)
fortified cereals, oatmeal, meats & liver, rice, pasta, whole grains
RDA for B1 (thiamine)
men 1.2mg, women 1.1mg
Foods high in B2 (riboflavin)
whole grains, green leafy veggies, organ meats, milk, eggs
RDA for B2 (riboflavin)
men 1.3mg, women 1.1mg
Food high in B6 (pyridoxine)
fish, poultry, lean meats, bananas, prunes, dried beans, whole grains, avocados
RDA for B6 (pyridoxine)
men & women 1.3mg
Foods high in B12 (cobalamin)
meat, dairy, seafood
RDA for B12 (cobalamin)
men & women 2.4ug
Food high in folic acid
green leafy veggies, organ meats, dried peas, beans, lentils
Food high in Vitamin C
Citrus, berries, peppers
Foods high in Vitamin E
fortified/multigrain cereals, nuts, wheat germ, veggie oils, green leafy veggies
This vitamin can prolong PT clotting values
Vitamins should be given with food to help aid in absorption (True or False)
This vitamin is used in oral anticoagulant overdose
The water soluble vitamins are:
The fat soluble vitamins are:
This vitamin protects blood cells, body tissue, and fatty acids from destruction.
A mineral that is a part of hemoglobin and helps carry oxygen in the blood
This vitamin helps aid in the absorption of iron
Deficiency in this mineral can cause stunted growth in children and done loss in adults
Cobalamin, or vitamin ________, is given to correct deficiency in alcoholics
This mineral helps maintain fluid and electrolytes and helps with nerve and muscle function
What food are high in B12?
What foods are high in potassium that a patient can consume
What mineral deficiency causes muscle weakness, paralysis, and confusion?
The best source of vitamin D is:
These drugs increase potassium in the body and can cause an irregular heart beat.
This mineral can cause decreased levels of antibiotics ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin.
This mineral is administered to infants when they are born because they are deficient in it.
High fiber foods can prevent the body from absorbing this medication
Excessive alcohol intake can cause this vitamin to be deficient.
Mega doses of this vitamin can cause a false negative guaiac test
Aids in genetic development and red cell production
These foods can decrease the effectiveness of blood thinners
most important lab for kidney function
Labs for GI evaluation
CBC; Electrolytes; coagulation studies; hepatitis tiders; liver enzymes such as AST & ALT, bilirubin, ammonia, rerun amylase/lipase; Onconal fecal antigens such as CA19-9 and CEA; U/A; stool cultures for C diff and giardia
What is an important nursing concern for a patient who has had a diagnostic test involving dye or sedation?
check VS q15min
What is an important nursing concern for a patient who is going to have a diagnostic test involving dye?
Check for allergy to seafood and iodine
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