6. Social Reform Movements and Western Expansion.
Terms in this set (18)
#Reform Movements of 1800's
public education (esp. for women), improved conditions for insane, temperance movement, abolitionist movement, women's rights
#Labor Reform Movement
Movement to improve working conditions and working hours; led by the Lowell Mill Girls who initiated the first strike. Continued into the reform era as a social movement where workers continued protesting and striking to get better wages and working hours
#Prison Reform Movement
Prisons were meant to rehabilitate as well as punish. The attempt to improve conditions inside prisons, establish a more effective penal system, or implement alternatives to incarceration.
#Care of the Disabled Reform
Allowed for the building of new hospitals for the mentally ill, deaf, and blind
A social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
#Educational Reform movement
improve public schools and make education available to more people; led by Horace Mann who believed that public education was "the great equalizer."
#Woman's rights movement
women reformers resented the way men relegated them to secondary roles, especially in the anti-slavery movement
#Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
#Susan B. Anthony
An American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.
Virtually everyone over the age 18- male or female, white or non-white, rich or poor - has right to vote.
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
(1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
territorial acquisitions as settlers began moving westward beyond the Appalachian Mountains
A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
A war fought over the annexation of Texas and a border dispute. Mexico thought the border of Texas was at the Nueces River and the U.S. thought the border of Texas was at the Rio Grande and ended with the signing of Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo that included the Mexican Cession.
#Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals in the 1800s to 1840s, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's, promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions.
#Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
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