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Square/Rectangle sign




Orange Sign

Road Work

Blue Sign

Motorist Services

Green sign


Flashing Round Yellow

slow down and proceed with caution

Round Green

go, cautiously enter intersection. Look both ways for incoming traffic. All movements other than yours are permitted. You do not have the right of way

Round Yellow

About to turn red, Prepare to stop.

Flashing Round Red

Same as stop sign, come to complete stop, yield to pedestrians

Round Red

STOP. If no stop line stop before a intersection

Cautiously turn right

On a two way street

Cautiously turn left of right

direction of traffic


Green arrow, means your vehicle movement has the right of way


Round green light, you can make movement but you must yield. You are NOT protected

Steady red arrow

STOP, remain stopped except for allowed turns on red. Same turns allowed for steady red signal are allowed for a red arrow

Steady Yellow Arrow

Protected turn is ending, about to turn red.

Flashing Yellow Arrow

Turns are permitted (unprotected) but you must first yield to oncoming traffic and peds. Proceed with caution. Oncoming traffic has green light

Steady Green Arrow

Protected turn, don't go straight

Yellow Marking

Separate traffic in opposite directions (centerline) the left edge of one way roads, ramps, and two way left turns

Solid Yellow Line

Used to mark the left edge of a one way road and ramp. The yellow line should always be on your left

Yellow Broken line

Used to mark the center of a two way road for traffic traveling in opposite directions where passing is permitted

Double line with yellow and broken line

used to mark where passing is permitted for when the dotted lane is on your side. If it's solid on your side you can't pass :(

Double Solid Line

used to mark where passing is prohibited for both directions of traffic. aka, YOU CANT PASS NOOB

White markings

used to separate lanes of traffic in the same direction, bikes, crosswalks, stop lines, symbols, and words

Solid white line

used for edge/fog line. Used to guide drivers to stay on da road. Especially at night or bad weather

Wide white solid line

used to channel or direct traffic into specific lanes or at intersections. You can cross it, but it's discouraged. Only cross a solid white line with caution

White broken line

Separates lanes going in the same direction. You can cross it, with caution.

Lane Drop Line

Short dashes placed close together. Used to inform you that the lane you are traveling in will not continue on the same route, like an exit only lane.

Double Solid Line

Can't change lines. Stay in the lane you are until it changes back to white broken line

Cross walk

white lines that outline an area where pedestrians cross the roadway. Try not to drive over it >:( the pedestrians will have to go around your car. Every corner is a crosswalk, whether it is marked or unmarked

Yield line

row of triangles in your lane pointing toward your vehicle to indicate where you should yield

Bike lane

identified by a wide solid white line with a bike symbol. You must yield to them. You can turn in a bike lane but not drive in one when approaching a turn

White Chevron

used to inform you that fixed objects in the road or other areas that are prohibited from vehicle use


you should stop 15 feet before a crossing if there is no line. Always stop at a train track.

Half of all crashes happen this many miles

25 miles

Speed regulation

Speed at which you drive determines how much time you have to act/react and how long it takes to stop. The higher the speed the less time you have to spot hazards, other traffic, or other conditions

Basic Law Rule

you must drive at a speed that is reasonable and cautious for existing conditions. This includes all streets and highways at all times

15 MPH

alleys, residential areas

20 MPH

business district, School zone

25 MPH

residential district (unless posted otherwise), public parks, ocean shores

55 MPH

all roads and highways not meeting any other definition

65 MPH

interstate highways, can be posted up to 70 mph

Slow Driving

Must go to the right lane, or closest to the right curb. Unless if you're ready to make a left turn

Following Distance

2-4 seconds.

Following distance for 30 MPH

4 seconds or more

How long does it take to stop?

About 3 seconds

How long does it take to make a decision?

about 1 second

If you're following to closely, you should

count the seconds to reach the same spot they were at

You're following to close if you pass the mark before you finish counting

at least 2 seconds

When stopped behind a vehicle, you should be able to

see the rear tires when they meet the road

Keep right except when

Passing a vehicle going the same direction as you, Going to the left of center to pass an obstruction, road that is marked for one way traffic, a road has 3 marked lanes and the center is a passing lane, you are turning left, directed by emergency vehicles

You signal when

you turn, change lanes, move right or left, pull away from a curb

How long does your turn signal have to be on?

at least 100 ft

When you turn, you must

stay in the closest legal lane in the direction you want to go

You must signal at least ___ many feet before you turn

100 feet

When you're going back into traffic, you need to

signal long enough to alert oncoming traffic

When you slow down, or stop you should

press on your brake to alert drivers behind you that you're slowing down

Use hand and arm signals only in daylight when you can see with a distance of

1000 feet, (I don't think we actually roll down our window and show people which way we're going, but I thought just in case it might be on the test :)

Can you change lanes while turning?

NOOOO! You can't ever change lanes, even in alleys, and driveways (wow your own driveway?) not just at intersections. You need to turn the closest legal lane in the direction you want to go

When making a right turn, you need to

get as close to the practical right curb or edge of a road without interfering with pedo's or bicycunts, A bike lane is considered the edge of a roadway. DONT MOVE IN A BIKE LANE trying to make a right turn.

When doing a right turn, you should look to your

Left, frong, the right for oncoming traffic and cross traffic that might be turning. Always check for bicycles in your blind spot on your right before turning. You must yield to bicyclists in a bike lane before you turn right

When making a left turn, your wheels need to be

POINTED STRAIGHT AHEAD! (i got this question wrong mah first time) Don't turn your wheels until you actually begin to make the turn. If you're struck and your wheels are left, your vehicle will be forced into oncoming traffic

When on a two way road approach the turn with your vehicle in the lane just to the

right of the center line. Before entering, look at the left, front, and right for cross traffic on the intersecting street.

When turning on a two way road,

turn just before the imaginary center point in the intersection, drive just to the right of the center line of the street you're entering.

If a lane is signed or marked for making left turns, can you cross at a different lane?

No, you must use the lane that is marked only. You can't use a different lane.

Can you travel in a two way, special left turn lane, to access a left turn only lane at an intersection?

No.. (this one confuses me)

In some areas you can make turns from more than one lane, these will tell you if this is allowed

signs and pavement markings. Signs may also prohibit turns at some locations

Left turn on a one way road to one way road

Approach the turn in the traffic lane that is nearest the left curb. Turn without swinging wide. Bring your vehicle into the nearest left lane for traffic on the road you are entering unless a lane use control sign or pavement markings direct you otherwise. You can make this turn against a red light after stopping and yielding to traffic and peds.

Left or right turn: Two way to one way road

approach the turn in the lane for traffic in your direction that is closest to the direction of the turn. As you enter the intersection, turn into the nearest lane for traffic on the road you are entering unless a lane use control sign or pavement markings direct you otherwise. You can make this turn against a red light after stopping and yielding to traffic and peds

Left turn: One way road to Two way road

approach the intersection in the lane for traffic closest to the left curb. Turn into the lane just to the right of the center line. Do not move to the right lane without signaling for a lane change and checking traffic to your right and in your blind spot. You can't make this turn against a red light.

Dual Left or Right turns

A vehicle in the second lane can make the same turn as a vehicle in the first lane only when a lane use control sign permits it. You may also see white channel lines and arrows on the pavement. These lines are used to direct you in the correct lane when turning. Lane use control signs or pavement markings may allow you to make turns into lanes other than those shown.


Reverse or U-Turns are prohibited in these locations:
Intersections controlled by a traffic signal, unless a sign permits the turn
Between intersections in a city
Any other urban location where you cannot see traffic coming from both directions for 500 feet
Rural areas if you can't see the approaching traffic from either direction for 1,000 feet.
Any location where U-turns are prohibited by official signs or markings

Yielding the right of way

Means you simply slow down, or if necessary, stop your car to allow another car or ped to continue on their way safely. The right of way law doesn't give anyone the right of way; it only says who must yield. Stop signs, yield signs, and traffic signals control traffic at busy intersections. They tell drivers who may go without stopping or who must stop and yield right of way to other drivers, bikers, or peds.

When at an intersection with no signs or signals, you must

look and yield right of way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching from your right at the same time

Some helpful hints about the "right of way"

Stop before you enter or cross a road from an alley, private road, driveway, or other place not controlled by signal lights or yield signs. Stop at the point nearest the roadway you are entering. If there is a sidewalk, stop before crossing the sidewalk.
If you must cross a sidewalk, such as when entering or leaving an alley or driveway, stop before reaching the sidewalk and yield to pedestrians and bicyclists.
When you make a left turn (no matter where) You must yield the right of way to oncoming traffic until it's safe to turn
If an intersection doesn't have signs or signals, and peds are crossing in the same lane or in the lane next to you, you must stop and remain stopped before entering a marked or unmarked crosswalk, until they passed out of your lane and in the lane next to you,

Right of way (continued)

At school crossings protected by a school traffic patrol guard, you must stop when students enter the crosswalk from either side of the street, or if the patrol guard signals you to do so. Be safe, stop for students, even when there is no patrol guard (it's also kind of you to do so :)
Any intersection with stops in all fours. It's common courtesy (and common sense) to allow the driver who stops first to go first. If in doubt, yield to the driver on your right. The important thing to remember is to be careful. To avoid risk of a crash, never insist on the right of way.
When you approach a roundabout, yield to cars traveling within the circulating road. In a roundabout, yield to vehicles turning in front of you from the inside lane (if any) to exit the roundabout

Right of way (continued even more :)

When you use an acceleration or merging lane to enter a freeway or other highway, you must give the right of way to vehicles already on the freeway or road
If you are the driver on a road that ends at a T intersection with no signs or signals, you must yield to the driver on the through road

Blocking traffic

Before you start through an intersection, crosswalk, or railroad grade crossing, be sure there is room on the other side of for your vehicle. Even if you have a green light, do NOT start across an intersection if it causes your vehicle to stop in the intersection and block other traffic or a pedestrian crosswalk

Overtaking and Passing

Be sure to have enough room to complete your maneuver. When you pass on a two lane road, you should only pas to the left of the vehicle

Bright Lights

It's illegal to flash your bright lights when following a vehicle closer than 350 feet.

Passing on right

You can only pass when:
the driver you are passing is making or signaled for a left turn. There needs to be sufficient space to the right for you to pass without leaving the paved portion of the roadway, and the frong of the vehicle must be clear.
You are traveling on a roadway with two or more lanes traveling in the same direction and the vechile you are passing is in the left lane. You

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