APUSH Chapter 28 Vocab
Terms in this set (56)
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
A judicial order forcing a person or group to refrain from doing something.
Democrat Woodrow Wilson's political slogan in the presidential campaign of 1912; Wilson wanted to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and, by breaking up monopolies, give small businesses freedom to compete.
Bull Moose Party
nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election of 1912
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
Direct Election of Senators
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil
A Scottish-born American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of U.S. wilderness.
Labor activist who was a member of the Knights of Labor union and who used publicity techniques to create awareness of the plight of mine workers and child laborers.
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist
William H. Taft
Republican, issue - conservation policies, antitrust laws, tariff, against Bryan
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
Shame of the Cities
Lincoln Steffens wrote this and exposed the corrupt relationships between big business and local governments
A primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
environmental view which stated that land should be protected for carefully managed development, led to the formation of the National Parks System
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
created Federal Trade Commission (investigate companies for unfair trade practices)
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
(1911) 146 women killed while locked into the burning building (brought attention to poor working conditions)
A lawyer who helped Wilson draft "New Freedom" ideas. He was the first prominent Jew in politics and the first Jew to become a Chief Justice in the Supreme Court.
Susan B. Anthony
Key leader of woman suffrage movement, social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
People who support community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership. Negotiating the Treaty of Versailles, and proposed Fourteen Points, League of Nations
National Women's Party
a women's organization that fought for women's rights during the early 20th century in the United States, particularly for the right to vote on the same terms as men
A suffragette who believed that giving women the right to vote would eliminate the corruption in politics.
How the Other Half Lives
Jacob Riis- exposed unsafe living conditions for immigrants in cities, particularly in dumbbell tenements
History of Standard Oil
Ida Tarbell- exposed monopoly of Carnegie and the Oil industry
Northern Securities Case
Northern Securities Company (JP Morgan and James G. Hill - railroads) seen by Roosevelt as "bad" trust, Supreme Court upheld his first trust-bust
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
Pure Food and Drug Act
Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
Name describing T. Roosevelt for his attempts to breakup businesses hurting the public interest
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 law passed to regulate railroad and other interstate businesses
"How the Other Half Lives"
A great debater and political leader who believed in libertarian reforms, he was a major leader of the Progressive movement from Wisconsin.
head of the U.S. Forest Servic under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them
Eugene V. Debs
He was the president and the organizer of the American Railway Union. He organized the Pullman Strike and helped organized the Social Democratic party.
National Women's Suffrage Assoc.
an organization to work for women's right including voting rights, legal rights, political & economic rights
Carrie Chapman Catt
president of NAWSA, who led the campaign for woman suffrage during Wilson's administration
Election of 1912
When the Republican's votes were split between Taft and Roosevelt, the Democrats stayed together and elected Wilson as President. The Republicans had no chance because they had two candidates running.
Federal Reserve Act
Sparked by the Panic of 1893 and 1907, the 1913 Federal Reserve Act created the Federal Reserve System, which issued paper money controlled by government banks.
a special election called by voters to remove an elected official before his/her term expires.
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
Meat Inspection Act
1906 law required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required the Agriculture Department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants
wrote the Shame of the Cities which strengthened the demand for urban reform
reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers
"the Jungle"- novel that exposed conditions workers faced everyday in the slaughter houses and meat packing plants
1921 - founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.
A combination of small social movements like woman's suffrage, child labor, education, alcohol, or the power of large corporations. McKinley, Taft, Roosevelt, and Wilson were thought to be leaders in this kind of federal legislation
Triple Wall of Privilege
Banks, Tariff, and Trusts were the things Wilson tried to stop
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
He was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico who was also leader of the violent revolution that took place in 1913.
John "Blackjack" Pershing
led United States army in World War One