the church: chapter six
Terms in this set (54)
describe the two senses in which the church is catholic
1. christ is present in her and christ has given her the fullness of the means of salvation
2. the church reaches throughout the world to all people
how is the church catholic in each of the three distinct meanings of the word church?
because she has the fullness of christ and the means of salvation
why does the church of rome have special authority?
because it had special authority over the apostolic churches. the two apostles peter and john proclaimed the gospel and were martyred in rome. rome's bishop became the successor of peter and carried on the special authority
why does the church have a unique relationship with judaism?
because jesus was jewish, we both believe in one god, god revealed himself to the jews (old testament), and the jewish faith is a response to his revelation. god also gave the jews the law, the promises, the covenants, and called them to be his people
what are some beliefs shared by islam and the catholic faith?
the acknowledgement of one god, the roots of our faiths in abraham, praying, giving alms, and fasting. islam also acknowledges jesus as a great prophet, mary as a virgin, the resurrection of the dead, and the final judgement
what is the significant difference between the eastern catholic churches and the eastern orthodox church?
the liturgical rites, customs, laws, devotions, and theological interests. also orthodox churches don't accept the authority of the pope
identify three ways the practices of eastern catholic churches differ from the practices of the latin church
the use of icons, iconostasis, the sign of the cross (right before left), the tradition to celebrate the sacraments, and married men can be priests
what are we referring to when we say the catholic church is "catholic?"
the meaning of the word catholic which means universal
how is the church present around the world?
by being in communion with the bishops and the pope making it universal
who is the church called to be in unity with?
all people (christian or not) which adds to the universality of the church since she calls all people to be part of the people of god
what do the eastern catholic churchs have that is different from the roman catholic church?
they have different rites and practices, yet are unified in a common effort
where does the word catholic come from?
the greek word katholikos which means universal
why is the church catholic?
because she possesses the total means of salvation for all people and christ is in her. also, she has the mission to make disciples of all nations to the entire universal human race
what does catholic (capitalized) refer to?
the catholic church founded by christ
what does catholic (lowercase) refer to?
the church having the fullness of christ in her and her mission to all people
what are the means of salvation which are free divine gifts of the holy spirit given to the church?
1. the fullness of faith
2. the fullness of the seven sacraments
3. the fullness of ordained ministry passed down from the apostles
where do all people come from? what are they called to do?
they come from god and are called to be destined to god forever in unity
what is the church already a sign of?
that unity since she is universal in uniting people of all background into one common faith in christ
what are the three different references for the word "church?"
1. the entire world community of god's people
2. local community, such as a diocese
3. community assembled for liturgy, such as mass
how is the church fully catholic through the references of the word "church?"
she has the fullness of christ and the means of salvation in each
even though the church is divided into dioceses around the world, what else do we know about her?
she is indivisible like christ when in union with rome
what do you hear and see wherever you go in the world or to catholic mass?
the same words of scripture, officiating priests and deacons, and christ's presence
what is it important to see about the dioceses?
that they don't make up a huge conglomeration around the world. each diocese does good on a specific location while also going good around the world
when are particular churches fully catholic?
when they are in communion with the church of rome and the pope
what did christians struggle with in early times?
beliefs about the faith and turned to the churches directly set up by the apostles for guidance since they maintained full apostolic teaching
who is the bishop of rome? what does he do?
the pope who is the director successor of saint peter and establishes the continued apostolic teaching authority
what do the churches possess when in communion with rome?
the fullness, or catholicity, of apostolic faith found in the roman church
what does a church recognize when in communion with rome?
the pope as the pastor if the whole church, the foundation for bishopric unity, and share in the fullness of christ
who does the church affiliate themselves with?
people who are catholic and non-christians
what does the church recognize?
other non christian religions seek god and that goodness and truth can be found in them
who do the different religions prepare people for?
the gospel message preached by christ
who does the church seek dialogue with?
other religions (interreligious dialogue) by bearing witness to her own faith and seeing the good that can be found in other faiths that don't distort the image of god
who is the church closely linked to?
the non christian religions of judaism and islam since all believe in one god (monotheism)
where was the church formed?
in the new covenant of christ, but that doesn't mean jews are forsaken by god
what does the church teach christians about the jews?
not to blame them for jesus' death even though the jewish authorities were involved because we can't blame them for the whole death
what do muslims acknowledge? what don't they acknowledge?
they acknowledge one creator and worship one god in prayer, along with tracing their faith to abraham, and mary as a virgin. they don't acknowledge jess as divine but as a prophet
what is the church involved in speaking with?
polytheistic religions since they still search for one true god in the end
what's the difference between hindus and buddhists? what's the similarities?
hindus contemplate the divine mystery, while buddhists seek god in confidence and love. they recognize the temporary state of the world and see that they can attain liberation through one's own efforts and divine help
why does the church have dialogue with those who do not have a belief system?
because all people are still made in god's image
where have the popes usually been from? where are we headed?
from europe and we're headed by the church of rome
what does communion with god call for?
union of all people, not rivalry and competition
what must we embrace?
how many eastern catholic churches are in full communion with the roman catholic church?
when did the eastern churches separated from the roman church as a result between orthodox and catholic churches?
the 11th century
what churches returned to the roman church?
eastern catholic churches
eastern catholic church traditions (different from the west)
1. the use of icons (religious paintings that express the gospel message just like the word of god)
2. the use of iconostasis (a screen with doors and tiers of icons that separates the altar from the nave or body of the church)
3. the sign of the cross from right to left
4. baptism, confirmation, and eucharist all occur at the same time in life
5. married men can be ordained to priesthood
6. they call sacraments mysteries
what do we see the church take throughout the world?
popular cultural elements into herself, purifying them to bring glory to god
what do different religious dances, processions, and pilgrimages that take place around the world have in common?
that they all bear witness to the same teachings of the church
what plays an interesting and important role to a specific section of the church in the world, yet are revered throughout the world?
images of the virgin mary, such as our lady of guadalupe
what does the church have for the fullness of the means for salvation?
the seven sacraments (to sanctify) , the laws of the church (to govern), content of faith (to teach)
two conversions that take place in a persons life
1. at baptism when we are cleansed of original sin
2. when we regent sin throughout our life
what do catholics have in common with agnostics and atheists?
we are made in god's image and likeness
what is the difference between ecumenical and interreligious dialogue?
ecumenical dialogue is dialogue between christian churchches. interreligious dialogue is dialogue between christian and non christian religions
what kind of people did non christian churches have prepared for the gospel message?
they prepare them for being receptive for the gospel message