Upgrade to remove ads
psych ch 12
Terms in this set (51)
developed psychoanalysis through his work with patients suffering from hysterical symptoms
physical symptoms with no physical cause
viewed these symptoms as representing conflicts between sexual drive and duty
believed that most personalty- which, in his theory, includes the id, ego and superego- is unconscious
the need for _____________________ is our more important need
security, not sex or aggression
developed the concept of the collective unconscious, a storehouse of archetypes
strengths of psychodynamic approaches include
recognizing the importance of childhood, conceptualizing development through stages, and calling attention to the role of the unconscious processes in behavior
stress a persons capacity for personal growth and positive human qualities
developed the concept of a hierarchy of needs, with self- actualization being the highest human need
each of us is born with a tendency toward growth and a need for unconditional positive regard in ______ approach
a sense of what is good and bad for us
what perspective recognizes positive human capacities
the humanistic perspectives
emphasize that personality consists of traits- broad, enduring dispositions that lead to characteristic responses
states that the traits should produce consistent behavior in different situations, and he used the lexical approach to personality traits, which involves using all the words in the natural language that could describe a person as a basis for understanding the traits of personality
the current dominant perspective in personality psychology is the
5 factor model
the big 5 traits include
openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism
described personology as the study of the whole person
introduced the life story approach to identity, which views identity as a constantly changing story with a beginning, a middle and an end
a form of personological investigation that applies personality theory to one person's life
states that behavior, environment, and person/cognitive factors are important in understanding personality
2 important concepts in social cognitive theory are
self-efficacy and personal control
the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes
refers to individuals' beliefs about whether the outcome of their actions depend on their own acts (internal) or on events outside of their control (external)
stressed that people do not behave consistently across different situations but rather tailor their behavior to suit particular situations
Mischel's controversial book "Personality and Assessment"
developed a revised approach to personality centered on cognitive affective process systems (CAPS)
according to _______ personality is best understood as a persons habitual emotional and cognitive reaction to specific situations
suggested that introversion/extraversion can be understood as reflecting differences in arousal regulation
developed a reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality, suggesting that extraversion and neuroticism can be understood as 2 neurological systems that respond to rewards and punishments in the environment
the behavioral activation system, or BAS
the behavioral inhibition system, or BIS
dopamine is associated with
behavioral approach (extraversion) and serotonin with behavioral avoidance (neuroticism)
assess that personality by asking participants about their preferences and behaviors
self- report tests
the most widely used empirically keyes personality test
the Minnesota Multiphastic personality inventory (MMPI)
based on the assumption that individuals will project their personalities onto these stimuli
a projective test that has been used in personality research
the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
personality prone to distress, and this type has been linked to poorer health outcomes
the type D personality
In the context of structures of personality described by Freud, who among the following is most likely acting according to the demands of the id?
John, a two-year-old, who snatches a toy from another child
According to _____, two neurological systems—the behavioral activation system (BAS) and the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)—explain the differences in an organism's attention to environmental rewards and punishments and in this way shape personality.
Gray's reinforcement sensitivity theory
The most widely used and researched empirically keyed self-report personality test is the
Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Alfred Adler believed that birth order
influenced how successfully a person strived for superiority.
Which of the following is an important element of Carl Rogers's humanistic theory?
Identify a core principle of the psychodynamic perspectives.
One mentally transforms one's experiences, giving them meaning that shapes one's personality.
According to the five-factor model of personality, which statement best describes the relationship between neuroticism and personality?
Neuroticism is low in self-satisfied individuals.
Lisa skydives for the first time on her vacation. She thoroughly enjoys the experience and wants to do it once more. Which of the following neurotransmitters is most likely causing Lisa to seek the experience of skydiving again?
Jeffrey Gray proposed a neuropsychology of personality that is called the reticular activation system. t/f
In the context of individual psychology, fixation is Adler's term for an individual's attempt to overcome imagined or real inferiorities or weaknesses by developing one's own abilities. t/f
Brandon attempts to convince his girlfriend, Katherine, to have sex with him. Even though Katherine loves and desires him, her religious beliefs do not permit her to have sex before marriage. According to Freud's structures of personality, Katherine's decision not to have sex with Brandon is most likely dictated by her
Joel is determined to win the district-level debate competition. He has been preparing hard and long, and he refuses to help other contestants with their preparation. He wants to be known as the best debater in his school. In the context of Henry Murray's personological approach, Joel is demonstrating a high need for
Chad is keen on getting into the best college in the state. However, the college rejects his application. When comforted by his parents, Chad explains that he is not disappointed because if he had been accepted by the college, he would have had to move away from home. In this scenario, Chad's explanation best illustrates the defense mechanism of
According to Freud's stages of psychosexual development, an individual who is fixated at the phallic stage and uses reaction formation as a defense mechanism, is most likely to
display excessive modesty.
Face validity of a personality assessment technique refers to whether or not
the test item appears to fit the particular trait it is measuring.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
chapter 9 psych notes from book
chapter 10 psych notes
Psychology chapter 1 notes
psych quiz ch 10
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 10 Intro to Psych Final
Psychology Chapter 12: Personality
Psychology Chapter 12: Personality
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
foundations final random
chapter 37 foundations
Chapter 36 foundations
chapter 22 foundations