American History Chapters 13-14
Terms in this set (40)
Civil War Map
North and South states, border states
Civil War battles
Ft. Sumter, Antietam, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Perrysville, Atlanta, Appomattox
1846 proposal that outlawed slavery in any territory gained from the War with Mexico
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
United States politician (KY) responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states
Senator of Massachusetts; famous American politician & orator; advocated renewal & opposed the financial policy of Jackson; pushed for a strong union.
A moderate, who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 and popularized the idea of popular sovereignty., opposed Lincoln in debates and campaign
said that slavery could not be banned until a territory became a state.
Rule by the people
(1849-1850), Whig president who was a Southern slave holder, and war hero (Mexican-American War). Won the 1848 election. .
People who opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
California gold rush-49ers
mass migration to California after the discovery of gold in 1848
Compromise of 1850
Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Dark horse candidate
A candidate for office with little support before the beginning of the nomination process; James K. Polk was the first dark horse candidate for president in 1844.
Fugitive Slave Law
this law required that northern states forcibly returned escaped slaves to their owners.
Compromise of 1850
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet B. Stowe
book about horrors of slavery that incited the North before war
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
the American Party; anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic
sectional political party that morally protested slavery, it became the second major political party
John C. Fremont
American military officer, explorer, the 1st candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the US & 1st presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery;
The 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). He tried to maintain a balance between proslavery and antislavery factions,
Lawrence, Kansas incident
Border ruffians from Missouri attacked in 1856, destroying homes, businesses and printing presses of antislavery settlers in Kansas. They were able to create a puppet Gov. that was pro-slavery, sparking the antislavery group to create another Gov. in Topeka, Kansas. This event incited John Brown to kill 5 men at the Pottawatomie Creek massacre.
This incident took place in 1856, when SC
Congressman Preston Brooks severely beat Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner. The attack occurred in the Senate chamber, after Sumner gave a vitriolic speech, "The Crime Against Kansas".
John Brown incidents
attempted raid on federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA, in effort to arm blacks to attack slaveowners,
hanged for treason
Dred Scott decision
Supreme Court ruling that declared slaves were not viewed as citizens but as property
Doctrine developed by Stephen Douglas that said the exclusion of slavery in a territory could be determined by the refusal of the voters to enact any laws that would protect slave property. It was unpopular with Southerners, and thus cost him the election.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Name given to the northern Democrats who were willing to compromise on the political problems of the 1850s.
withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
President of the Confederate States of America
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
first battle of Civil War
Civil War 1861-1865
deadliest war in American history; conflict between north (union) and south (confederacy); 11 southern slave states wanted to secede from Union
causes of Civil War
Strengths of the North and South
North: Railroads, Technology, Population, Supplies. South: Better Generals, fighting a defensive war, knew territory better.
Weaknesses of the North and South
-North: Had a lack of effective military leadership early on until Ulysses S. Grant. Political disunity (had disagreement with copperheads and republicans)
-South: Corn is a food, cotton is not. Had a smaller population. Economy was weak. Lack of industrialization. Could not unite as one nation in the war effort. North had better rail system and a more universal gauge system.
A tax on imported goods