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Biology Unit 13: Plants
Terms in this set (107)
Water is carried upward from the roots of every plant by
Stomata open and close in response to pressure within
In angiosperms, the structures that produce the male gametophyte are called the
The thickened ovary wall of a plant may become the
Which groups of plants do not contain a vascular system for transporting water and nutrients?
Mosses and their relatives
Which type of plant tissue produces new cells?
Which type of tissue transports water and nutrients throughout the plant?
What is transported through the plant's xylem?
Water and dissolved minerals
When plants respond to external stimuli, we say they are exhibiting
What is the male part of the flower?
Flowering plants with taproots, vascular bundles in a ring, branched leaf veins, and flower parts in the multiples of five would belong to which group?
When the stomata in a plant leaf are open the plant is most likely in what type of environment?
The most recognizable stage of a moss is the
In angiosperms, the mature seed is surrounded by a
Two structures specialized for reproduction in seed plants are
Cones and flowers
Pollination occurs when pollen lands on the
What is a characteristic of gymnosperms, represented by pines?
Reproduction and cones produced by mature sporophyte
Which plant structures are found in both ferns and cone-bearing plants?
III Vascular Tissue
Which type of plant tissue produces the plant from water loss?
Materials that may enter and/or leave the leaf through the stomata include
What type of stem has the vascular bundles scattered throughout?
What is the female part of a flower?
Which plant organ functions in transport of substances throughout the plant?
What plant organ functions in trapping sunlight for photosynthesis?
During a plant 's lifecycle, the sporophyte is always
"Skin" protects plant, secretes cuticle, forms outer bark
All cells between dermal and vascular
Xylem (H20) up and phloem (food from leaves)
Where growth (mitosis) occurs
Fibrous roots: monocot of dicot?
Tap roots: monocot or dicot?
Support leaves & flower
House most of the vascular system
Where is the primary site of photosynthesis?
Tubular cells with sieve plate at ends
Sieve tube elements
Non conducting that provide metabolic support for sieve tubes
Carries dissolved sugars and hormones
Response to light
Response to touch
Response to gravity
Chemical messenger produced in one place that has an effect in another place
Plant without xylem and phloem; move water by diffusion (mosses)
Small openings in the underside of a leaf through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can enter and leave the plant
An organ in vascular plants that anchors the plant and enables it to absorb water and minerals from the soil
A plant that lacks specialized transport tissues and true roots, stems and leaves
Cells that control the opening and closing of stomata
Waxy layer that covers the outer parts of the plant, which prevents water loss
Plants that enclose their seeds in a cone rather than fruit
Non vascular plant that lives on the land; misses, liverworts, and hornworms
Naked seed on cones
Needle like leaves
Flowers produce fruit that covers seed
Seed with cotyledons and embryo
Fruit encloses seeds
Endosperm to food to embryo
Endosperm food to cotyledons
Water in seed; enzymes activate growth; radicle emerges
What substances enter by the way of the way of the leaf?
Carbon dioxide and sunlight
What is transpiration?
Evaporation of water (drives capillary action)
Which is the dominant or conspicuous generation of an oak tree?
What are the two major groups of spore-bearing plants?
Ferns and Bryophyte
How does water move in bryophytes? (Non vascular)
A plant who's leaves have parallel veins is a
A plant who's leaves have branched veins is a
How does carbon dioxide enter the leaf?
Through the stomata
What substance is transported in the xylem ?
Which generation is dominant in an oak tree?
The dominant generation of the moss is
A flowers pollen represents the
Which of these processes is not involved in water transport in plants?
The type of vascular tissue that transports from source to sink is?
The plant generation that produces sperm and egg cells is the
What is a plant that produces seeds on the scales of cones?
The stomata of a leaf are involved in
Movement of carbon dioxide into and out of the leaf
How are vascular bundles arranged in monocot stems?
Is a bluebonnet a spore bearing plant?
All sporophytes are
Flowering plants belong to which group of plants?
When a plant wraps around a fence post, the plant is exhibiting
In nonvascular plants, does sporophyte
or gametophyte dominate?
In vascular plants, does sporophyte or gametophyte dominate?
What does the pistil (carpel) contain?
Ovary, stigma and style
In Gymnosperms, pollen grains form in
The female gametophyte is produced by _____ in gymnosperms
When a pollen grain lands on a stigma, it begins to grow a
Brightly colored ____ attract pollinators to flowers
In angiosperms, pollen grains are produced within the
The sticky portion of the carpel where pollen grains often land is called the
The female gametophyte of the flowering plant consists of eight nuclei and the surrounding membrane is called the
A food-rich tissue that nourishes the seedling as it grows is called the
Seed ____ is the early growth stage of the plant embryo
What type of seed plant bears its seed directly on the surface of cones?
What is the seed bearing structure of a gymnosperm called,
What is the seed bearing structure of an angiosperm called?
In seed plants, where is the male gametophyte contained?
What is the name of the process in which pollen is carried to the female reproductive structure?
What surrounds and protects the plant embryo?
What is the thick wall of tissue that surrounds a seed called?
An angiosperm that has one seed leaf in its embryo is called?
What is the early developmental stage of the sporophyte plant called?
The embryo of a plant that is encased in a protective covering and surrounded by a food supply is called a
Embryonic leaf in seed bearing plants
One of the cell types found in xylem; typically found in flowering plants (angiosperms)
Bryophytes and Ferns reproduce by
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms reproduce by
Gymnosperms by ___
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