Ch 19, Sec 3 and 4
Terms in this set (13)
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
A multistory building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety
An organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members
English economist who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production.
British philosopher and economist who advocated utilitarianism
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
means of production
farms, factories, railways, and other large businesses that produce and distribute goods
Welsh industrialist and socialist social reformer who founded Utopian communities
founder of modern communism
a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
political ideology in which there is a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism instead of a sudden violent overthrow of the system